Fiona E . Smyth

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In some respects, the EGFR appears to be an attractive target for tumor-targeted antibody therapy: it is overexpressed in many types of epithelial tumor and inhibition of signaling often induces an anti-tumor effect. The use of EGFR specific antibodies, however, may be limited by uptake in organs that have high endogenous levels of the wild type EGFR such(More)
PURPOSE Previous experience in solid tumor radioimmunotherapy studies has indicated that greatest therapeutic efficacy is achieved in the treatment of small-volume disease. alpha-Particle-emitting radioisotopes possess several physical characteristics ideally suited to the treatment of minimal residual disease. Therefore, we have investigated the efficacy(More)
The biodistribution characteristics of a humanized anti-Lewis(y) antibody (hu3S193) radiolabeled to three radioisotopes, 125I, 111In, and 90Y, were examined in a BALB/c nude mouse xenograft model of breast cancer. The immunoreactivity of both 125I- and 111In-bound hu3S193 exceeded 50% and was 20% for 90Y. In vivo, labeled antibody was shown by gamma camera(More)
UNLABELLED Radiolabeling monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) allows the evaluation of biodistribution of constructs in vivo through gamma camera imaging and also permits quantitation of mAb uptake in tumors through biopsy-based counting techniques. The quantitation of radiolabeled mAb uptake in cancer patients is complicated by the attenuation of gamma emissions(More)
The Lewis Y (Ley) antigen is a blood group-related antigen that is expressed in a high proportion of epithelial cancers (including breast, colon, ovary, and lung cancer) and is an attractive target for monoclonal antibody-directed therapy. The murine monoclonal 3S193 (IgG3) was generated in BALB/c mice by immunization with Ley-expressing cells of the MCF-7(More)
All cellular ets proteins contain a region of high amino acid identity to those found in the last two exons of the ets-1 gene (C domain). We have identified and characterized a new member of the human ETS gene family, ERGB. The ERGB gene shows extensive amino acid identity to the human ERG and the mouse Fli-1 genes. The ERGB gene is found to be(More)
The chimeric monoclonal antibody cG250 recognizes the CAIX/MN antigen. cG250 induces antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC) responses in vitro that can be enhanced by IL-2. We studied the effects of adding daily low-dose subcutaneous IL-2 to cG250 for treatment of clear cell renal cell carcinoma (RCC). The primary endpoints of the trial were(More)
We have evaluated the carbohydrate antigen Lewis(Y) (Le(Y)) as a potential target for T-cell immunotherapy of hematological neoplasias. Analysis of 81 primary bone marrow samples revealed moderate Le(Y) expression on plasma cells of myeloma patients and myeloblasts of patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) (52 and 46% of cases, respectively). We(More)
There is considerable concern regarding the transforming potential of retroviral vectors currently used for gene therapy, with evidence that retroviral integration can lead to leukemia in recipients of gene-modified stem cells. However, it is not clear whether retroviral-mediated transduction of T cells can lead to malignancy. We transduced mouse T cells(More)
PURPOSE This phase I study explored the biodistribution and pharmacokinetics of the immunoconjugate CMD-193 [a humanized anti-Lewis Y (Le(y)) antibody conjugated with calicheamicin in patients with advanced cancers expressing the Le(y) antigen. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN The primary objectives were to determine biodistribution and pharmacokinetics of CMD-193.(More)