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Associations between Human Leukocyte Antigen (HLA) (i.e. human major histocompatibility complex [MHC]) genes and susceptibility to infections and inflammatory processes have been described, but causal relationships have not been proven. We characterized effects of HLA-DQ alleles on outcome of congenital toxoplasma infection and found that among Caucasians,(More)
The stratified epithelia of the oral cavity are continually exposed to bacterial challenge that is initially resisted by innate epithelial factors and by the recruitment of neutrophils. Antimicrobial peptides from phagocytes and epithelia contribute to this antimicrobial barrier. Using antibodies and in situ hybridization, we explored antimicrobial peptide(More)
T1/ST2 is an immunoregulatory protein of the IL-1 receptor family that has recently been reported as being a component of the IL-33 receptor. IL-33 is a newly described cytokine known to amplify the Th2 response and reduce production of Th1 cytokines. The function of T1/ST2 during Toxoplasma gondii infection is as yet undescribed. Given the requirement of a(More)
OBJECTIVE/AIM Corneal perforations can result from a wide variety of disorders and can lead to devastating visual sequelae. Various surgical procedures have been described to manage nontraumatic corneal perforation. Conjunctival flaps offer an important technique in dealing with such corneal emergencies. We report a modified conjunctival flap procedure(More)
PURPOSE An activating mutation in exon 15 of the BRAF gene has been found in a high proportion of cutaneous melanomas and cutaneous nevi but not in uveal melanoma. Conjunctival melanoma shows greater clinical similarity to cutaneous melanoma than does uveal melanoma. The purpose of this study was to determine whether the T1799A BRAF mutation found in(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS The cornea is a highly cellular structure that exists in a dynamic state of cell loss, renewal and replacement. The limbus contains corneal epithelial stem cells. The progenitor or stem cell of the keratocyte remains poorly defined. The authors sought to investigate the in vivo movement of corneal stromal and epithelial cells using a(More)
PURPOSE An activating mutation in exon 15 of the BRAF gene has been found in a high proportion of cutaneous pigmented lesions, but only in one case of uveal melanoma. Iris melanoma is the least common uveal melanoma and displays a less aggressive clinical course compared with posterior uveal melanoma. To date, no study has been conducted to investigate the(More)
PURPOSE A retrospective analysis of all cases of orbital exenteration performed at the National Scottish Ocular Oncology Center over an 11 year period. METHODS We sought all exenteration cases (1993-2003) from ocular oncology and oculoplastic databases. Fifteen exenterations were performed. One case record was irretrievable. Clinicopathological features(More)