Fiona D. Stavros

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Previously we reported the discovery of amidothiophenesulfonamides as endothelin receptor-A antagonists with high potency and selectivity. Replacement of an amide group in this class of compounds with an acetyl group maintained the in vitro binding affinity and in vivo activity while providing a compound with oral bioavailability and longer duration of(More)
Sitaxsentan (3, TBC11251) (Wu et al. J. Med. Chem. 1997, 40, 1690) is an orally active ET(A) selective endothelin antagonist that attenuates pulmonary vascular hypertension and cardiac hypertrophy in rats (Tilton et al. Pulm. Pharmacol. Ther. 2000, 13, 87). It has demonstrated efficacy in a phase II clinical trial for congestive heart failure (Givertz et(More)
We report here that N2-aryl-3-(isoxazolylsulfamoyl)-2-thiophenecarboxamides are potent and selective small molecule ETA receptor antagonists. The aryl group was subjected to extensive structural modification. With monosubstitution, the para position was most useful in increasing potency, with methyl being preferred. With disubstitution, 2,4-disubstitution(More)
Endothelins (ET-1, ET-2 and ET-3) are 21-amino-acid peptides with two disulfide bonds that belong to the sarafotoxin family. ET-1, ET-2 and ET-3 are produced endogenously from preproendothelin to give big endothelins, which are cleaved by endothelin-converting enzyme (ECE) to yield the active protein. Endothelin has been shown to play important(More)
Endothelin acts via specific membrane-bound receptors through signal transduction pathways that include increases in intracellular free calcium and inositol triphosphate generation. Two endothelin receptors have been cloned. The ETA receptor is ET-1 selective, and the ETB receptor is isopeptide nonselective. Both receptor subtypes are widely distributed(More)
The systematic modification of the ETA selective N-(5-isoxazolyl)benzene-sulfonamide endothelin antagonists to give ETB selective antagonists is reported. The reversal in selectivity was brought about by substitution of the 4-position with aryl and substituted aryl groups. Of all the aromatic substituents studied, the para-tolyl group gave rise to the most(More)
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