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As part of the requirements of the Convention on Biological Diversity, Canada has been investigating the genetic diversity of its native equine and pony populations. Along with examining four indigenous Canadian equine populations (Canadian horse, Lac La Croix pony, Newfoundland pony and Sable Island population), another 10 Mountain and Moorland, three(More)
Two behavioral traits, temperament and habituation, were measured in 130 calves from 17 full-sib families which comprise the Canadian Beef Cattle Reference Herd. Using variance components, heritability was calculated as 0.36 for temperament and 0.46 for habituation. Genotyping of 162 microsatellites at approximately 20 cM intervals allowed the detection of(More)
Fifteen microsatellites were isolated from a beluga whale Delphinapterus leucas, genomic library. The microsatellites were amplified in 100 beluga obtained from two widely separated locations. An average of 8.6 alleles per locus were detected and the average heterozygosity was 0.65 with a range of 0.27-0.86. All microsatellites were polymorphic and 13 of(More)
To determine the frequency and clustering of a variety of simple di- and trinucleotide repeats, an Artiodactyl short interspersed element (SINE), an ovine satellite repeat, and a human Alu 1 repeat were used to screen a random selection of cosmids containing inserts of ovine genomic DNA. In total, 197 individual cosmids were digested with EcoRI and the(More)
A single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in the corticotrophin-releasing hormone gene (CRH C22G) alters the fourth amino acid in the signal sequence from proline to arginine. Two other SNPs (CRH A145G and C240G) occur in the propeptide region at residue positions 45 and 77, respectively, that result in serine/asparagine and histidine/aspartic acid(More)
Allelic variation (C to T transition that results in an Arg25Cys) in the leptin gene has been associated with increased fat deposition in beef cattle. We report that this same genetic variant is also present in dairy breeds. Body fat reserves play an important role in sustaining high milk production in early lactation, when energy intake is limited. To test(More)
Previously, we have shown that alleles of the BM1500 microsatellite, located 3.6 kb downstream of the leptin gene in cattle, were associated with carcass fat measures in a population of 154 unrelated beef bulls. Subsequently, a cytosine (C) to thymine (T) transition that encoded an amino acid change of an arginine to a cysteine was identified in exon 2 of(More)