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Usher syndrome (USH) is an autosomal recessive disease characterized by hearing loss, retinitis pigmentosa (RP), and, in some cases, vestibular dysfunction. It is clinically and genetically heterogeneous and is the most common cause underlying deafness and blindness of genetic origin. Clinically, USH is divided into three types. Usher type I (USH1) is the(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to describe a family with cryopyrin-associated periodic syndrome (CAPS) in which the disease was unveiled after the ophthalmologic evaluation. METHODS Family and personal histories from each of the patients were recorded. Each underwent a full ophthalmological examination along with the physical examination. The(More)
INTRODUCTION Aniridia is a panocular disorder which occurs in 1/50,000 to 1/100,000 live births and can appear either in isolated form or in the context of a syndrome. Isolated aniridia is inherited as an autosomal dominant condition and is caused by mutations of the PAX6 gene. A variety of techniques and methodologies within molecular genetics and(More)
BACKGROUND Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic inflammatory disease of the central nervous system. Interferon-beta is the most usual therapy in relapsing-remiting MS. However, approximately 50% of the treated patients do not respond adequately. Very recently, a genome-wide association study on interferon-beta pharmacogenetics has described polymorphisms at(More)
PURPOSE Retinitis pigmentosa (RP) is a genetically heterogeneous disorder characterized by progressive loss of vision. The aim of this study was to identify the causative mutations in 272 Spanish families using a genotyping microarray. METHODS 272 unrelated Spanish families, 107 with autosomal recessive RP (arRP) and 165 with sporadic RP (sRP), were(More)
PURPOSE Presently, 22 genes have been described in association with autosomal dominant retinitis pigmentosa (adRP); however, they explain only 50% of all cases, making genetic diagnosis of this disease difficult and costly. The aim of this study was to evaluate a specific genotyping microarray for its application to the molecular diagnosis of adRP in(More)
PURPOSE Mutations in ABCA4 have been associated with autosomal recessive Stargardt disease, autosomal recessive cone-rod dystrophy, and autosomal recessive retinitis pigmentosa. The purpose of this study was to determine (1) associations among mutations and polymorphisms and (2) the role of the polymorphisms as protector/risk factors. METHODS A(More)
BACKGROUND A functional polymorphism located at -1 from the start codon of the CD40 gene, rs1883832, was previously reported to disrupt a Kozak sequence essential for translation. It has been consistently associated with Graves' disease risk in populations of different ethnicity and genetic proxies of this variant evaluated in genome-wide association(More)
Our aim in the present study is to evaluate the variation present in the TLR4 gene and its relationship with multiple sclerosis susceptibility in the Spanish population. Three hundred and sixty-two multiple sclerosis patients and 467 healthy controls from the Spanish population were included in the present study. Twelve single nucleotide polymorphisms(More)
BACKGROUND Usher Syndrome type II (USH2) is an autosomal recessive disorder, characterized by moderate to severe hearing impairment and retinitis pigmentosa (RP). Among the three genes implicated, mutations in the USH2A gene account for 74-90% of the USH2 cases. METHODS To identify the genetic cause of the disease and determine the frequency of USH2A(More)