Fiona B. McDonald

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Chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH) causes upper airway muscle dysfunction. We hypothesized that the superoxide generating NADPH oxidase (NOX) is upregulated in CIH-exposed muscle causing oxidative stress. Adult male Wistar rats were exposed to intermittent hypoxia (5% O2 at the nadir for 90 s followed by 210 s of normoxia), for 8 h per day for 14 days. The(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) is an important modulator of striated muscle function. Nitric oxide synthase (NOS) expression and activity is altered by hypoxia and NO is implicated in respiratory muscle remodeling following chronic sustained hypoxia. We sought to determine if NO is implicated in upper airway dilator muscle adaptation to chronic intermittent hypoxia(More)
In unrestrained whole body plethysmography, tidal volume is commonly determined using the barometric method, which assumes that temperature and humidity changes (the 'barometric component') are solely responsible for breathing-related chamber pressure fluctuations. However, in small animals chamber pressure is also influenced by a 'mechanical component'(More)
Obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS) is a devastating respiratory control disorder more common in men than women. The reasons for the sex difference in prevalence are multifactorial, but are partly attributable to protective effects of oestrogen. Indeed, OSAS prevalence increases in post-menopausal women. OSAS is characterized by repeated occlusions of(More)
Intermittent hypoxia is a feature of apnea of prematurity (AOP), chronic lung disease, and sleep apnea. Despite the clinical relevance, the long-term effects of hypoxic exposure in early life on respiratory control are not well defined. We recently reported that exposure to chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH) during postnatal development (pCIH) causes upper(More)
We sought to test the hypothesis that chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH)-a feature of sleep-disordered breathing in humans-impairs reflex recruitment of the genioglossus (GG, pharyngeal dilator) during obstructive airway events. Adult male Wistar rats were exposed to 20 cycles of normoxia and hypoxia (5% O2 at nadir) per hour, 8h a day for 7 days (CIH,(More)
Alterations to the supply of oxygen during early life presents a profound stressor to physiological systems with aberrant remodeling that is often long-lasting. Chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH) is a feature of apnea of prematurity, chronic lung disease, and sleep apnea. CIH affects respiratory control but there is a dearth of information concerning the(More)
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