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To investigate the effect of dietary lipids with different fatty acid compositions upon the in vivo cytokine response to bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS), mice were fed for 5 weeks on a low-fat diet or on one of four high-fat diets that contained 20%, by weight, of coconut oil (CO), olive oil (OO), safflower oil (SO) or fish oil (FO). The mice were(More)
Studies on animal and human subjects have shown that greatly increasing the amount of linseed (also known as flaxseed) oil (rich in the n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) alpha-linolenic acid (ALNA)) or fish oil (FO; rich in the long-chain n-3 PUFA eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)) in the diet can decrease a number of markers of(More)
The immune system acts to protect the host against pathogenic invaders. However, components of the immune system can become dysregulated such that their activities are directed against host tissues, so causing damage. Lymphocytes are involved in both the beneficial and detrimental effects of the immune system. Both the level of fat and the types of fatty(More)
C57B16 mice were fed for 6 weeks on a low-fat diet or on high-fat diets containing coconut oil (rich in saturated fatty acids), safflower oil [rich in n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs)], or fish oil (rich in n-3 PUFAs) as the main fat sources. The fatty acid composition of the spleen lymphocytes was influenced by that of the diet fed. Thymidine(More)
To examine the effects of dietary glutamine on cytokine production by macrophages, mice were fed for 2 wk on a control diet that included 200.0 g casein/kg providing 19.6 g glutamine/kg or a glutamine-enriched diet that provided 54.8 g glutamine/kg partly at the expense of casein. There were no differences in weight gain between animals fed the two diets.(More)
Although essential to host defense, neutrophils are also involved in numerous inflammatory disorders including rheumatoid arthritis. Dietary supplementation with relatively large amounts of fish oil [containing >2.6 g eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) plus 1.4 g docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) per day] can attenuate neutrophil functions such as chemotaxis and(More)
Studies investigating the effect of dietary fats on pro-inflammatory cytokine production by macrophages (M phis) have yielded conflicting results. We hypothesised that this may be due to the different capacities of the M phis studied commonly (resident, thioglycollate-elicited) to produce prostaglandin E(2)(PGE(2)) and leukotriene B(4)(LTB(4)) which inhibit(More)
Soluble forms of intercellular adhesion molecule-1, vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 and E-selectin (termed sICAM-1, sVCAM-1 and sE-selectin respectively) are found in the plasma, and are elevated during inflammatory conditions in which there is increased expression of the cellular forms of the molecules on endothelial and other cells. sICAM-1, sVCAM-1 and(More)
During atherogenesis, a pathological accumulation of lipids occurs within aortic intimal macrophages through uptake of oxidised low-density lipoprotein (LDL) via scavenger receptors. Here we investigate whether some of the anti-atherosclerotic effects ascribed to dietary fish oil are mediated through effects on macrophage intercellular adhesion molecule 1(More)
During atherogenesis, a pathological accumulation of lipids occurs within aortic intimal macrophages through uptake of oxidised LDL via scavenger receptors. Here we investigated whether some of the anti-atherosclerotic effects ascribed to an olive oil rich-diet are mediated through effects on macrophage scavenger receptors (MSR). Male C57 Bl6 mice aged 6(More)