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The aim of the present study was to quantify the amount of antagonist coactivation and the resultant moment of force generated by the hamstring muscles during maximal quadriceps contraction in slow isokinetic knee extension. The net joint moment at the knee joint and electromyographic (EMG) signals of the vastus medialis, vastus lateralis, rectus femoris(More)
Dissection reveals that the ball of the foot contains a connective tissue framework with transverse, vertical, and sagittal fibers, all connecting the skin with the proximal phalanges of the toes. Dorsiflexion of the toes tightens the framework and thereby restricts passive movements of the skin, enabling shear forces to be transferred to the skeleton. An(More)
Three videorecorded incidents of knee injuries inflicted during indoor ball games are reported. Injuries and especially anterior cruciate ligament ruptures seemed to be triggered in varus loaded knees by femural external rotation, or in valgus loaded knees by femural internal rotation with the pivot shifted to the lateral femurotibial compartment. The(More)
Six male subjects, three professional ballet dancers and three elite volleyball players, performed maximal vertical jumps from 1) a static preparatory position (squat jump), 2) starting with a countermovement (countermovement jump) and 3) a specific jump for ballet and for volleyball, respectively. The jumps were recorded on highspeed film (500 Hz) combined(More)
The calcaneocuboid joint was studied in ligamentous specimens of ten human feet, and in skeletons of two gorillas (Gorilla gorilla beringei), six chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes), three orangutans (Pongo pygmaeus) and 25 human feet. The movement of the transverse tarsal joint was further studied in a living foot on a walk-way with a glass plate inserted, and(More)
Different age groups of male Wistar rates were submitted to intense strength training, swim training or no training. It was found that the tetanic of the m. soleus decreased with age. This was counteracted by strength training, whereas swim training had no effect on tetanic tension. Force at ultimate failure and yield point in the Achilles tendon decreased(More)
Falanga is an ancient form of punishment or torture but is still commonly reported by our refugees. The late result of caning the heel and ball of the foot is a chronic painful condition with few clinical signs. The aim of the present study was to assess, by MRI, possible morphologic characteristics of the heel and ball of the foot, related to falanga and(More)
Head movements, ground reaction forces and electromyographic activity of selected muscles were recorded simultaneously from two subjects as they performed the sit-to-stand manouevre under a variety of conditions. The influence of initial leg posture on the magnitude of the various parameters under investigation was examined first. A preferred initial leg(More)
Joint moments and bone-on-bone forces in the ankle, knee and hip joint were studied in 7 healthy male subjects during unloaded and loaded walking. The subjects walked across a force platform while they were filmed at 200 Hz. Loaded walking was examined at 10 and 20 kg load carried symmetrically in the hands. Peak joint moments and peak bone-on-bone forces(More)
The authors investigated the function of the tarsus and the skeletal segments of the foot in terms of the biomechanical significance of the individual links of the foot-ankle-leg complex. A performance model based on pressure-washed trabecular systems and the interface of the different segments making up the articular foot skeleton is presented and(More)