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The aim of the present study was to quantify the amount of antagonist coactivation and the resultant moment of force generated by the hamstring muscles during maximal quadriceps contraction in slow isokinetic knee extension. The net joint moment at the knee joint and electromyographic (EMG) signals of the vastus medialis, vastus lateralis, rectus femoris(More)
The calcaneocuboid joint was studied in ligamentous specimens of ten human feet, and in skeletons of two gorillas (Gorilla gorilla beringei), six chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes), three orangutans (Pongo pygmaeus) and 25 human feet. The movement of the transverse tarsal joint was further studied in a living foot on a walk-way with a glass plate inserted, and(More)
The short term effect of static and cyclic stretch paradigms on stiffness and maximal joint range of motion was examined in 12 recreational athletes. To assess flexibility, joint range of motion and resistance to stretch were measured using a dynamometer during a passive stretch of the hamstring muscle group to the point of pain. The recorded torque-angle(More)
Dissection reveals that the ball of the foot contains a connective tissue framework with transverse, vertical, and sagittal fibers, all connecting the skin with the proximal phalanges of the toes. Dorsiflexion of the toes tightens the framework and thereby restricts passive movements of the skin, enabling shear forces to be transferred to the skeleton. An(More)
Three videorecorded incidents of knee injuries inflicted during indoor ball games are reported. Injuries and especially anterior cruciate ligament ruptures seemed to be triggered in varus loaded knees by femural external rotation, or in valgus loaded knees by femural internal rotation with the pivot shifted to the lateral femurotibial compartment. The(More)
Joint moments and bone-on-bone forces in the ankle, knee and hip joint were studied in 7 healthy male subjects during unloaded and loaded walking. The subjects walked across a force platform while they were filmed at 200 Hz. Loaded walking was examined at 10 and 20 kg load carried symmetrically in the hands. Peak joint moments and peak bone-on-bone forces(More)
The aim of the current study was to assess the effect of immediate and delayed transplantation on articular cartilage. Icelandic sheep had surgery on the medial menisci in both knees. The knees were divided into four groups; 16 control knees had sham surgery, 15 knees had meniscectomy, 14 knees had immediate allograft transplantation, and 14 knees had(More)
Different age groups of male Wistar rates were submitted to intense strength training, swim training or no training. It was found that the tetanic of the m. soleus decreased with age. This was counteracted by strength training, whereas swim training had no effect on tetanic tension. Force at ultimate failure and yield point in the Achilles tendon decreased(More)
The importance of venous distension of the pampiniform plexus in the prevention of inguinal hernia was evaluated. Functional closure of the inguinal canal was investigated by computed tomography during a Valsalva manoeuvre in a normal individual and 12 men with unilateral inguinal herniation, one of whom had previously undergone herniorrhaphy. Thus, 13(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose was to investigate ultrasound (US) and anthropometry (AN) as valid alternatives to magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) regarding muscle size characteristics of two rotator cuff muscles. METHODS Eight healthy females (age 27-54 yrs.) went through MRI and US scannings and AN measurements, where muscle thickness, cross-section area (CSA),(More)