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BACKGROUND Worldwide data for cancer survival are scarce. We aimed to initiate worldwide surveillance of cancer survival by central analysis of population-based registry data, as a metric of the effectiveness of health systems, and to inform global policy on cancer control. METHODS Individual tumour records were submitted by 279 population-based cancer(More)
BACKGROUND The relationship between suicide rates and the religious climate of a community is a matter of controversy. Rising suicide rates have been attributed in part to a decline in religious observance, but contradictory evidence has also been adduced. METHODS We compared national suicide rates, classified according to gender, age, and urban-rural(More)
RATIONALE FOR THIS STUDY This study has two purposes. The first is to explore an instrument of evaluation of the approaches to study (deep, strategic, and surface) adopted by students in the pre-clinical years of their veterinary degree program. The second is to examine relationships between these approaches and a broad range of further factors deemed(More)
The aetiology of primary brain tumours is largely unknown; the role of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) or aspirin use and glioma risk has been inconclusive, but few population-based studies with reliable prescribing data have been conducted, and the association with meningioma risk has yet to be assessed. The UK Clinical Practice Research(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim was to carry out a comparative study of lung cancer incidence and resection rates following the introduction of positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET-CT) and the reorganisation of Cancer Services in Northern Ireland. METHODS Data were retrieved from the Regional Thoracic Service Database and Northern Ireland Cancer(More)
AIMS We investigated whether or not serum albumin concentrations in Down Syndrome were lower than those of a cohort of similarly moderately- to-severely-disabled institutionalised patients without Down Syndrome and, if so, whether or not this could be ascribed to the presence of liver disease. We also sought to determine the influence of Down Syndrome, age,(More)
BACKGROUND In April 2007, smoke-free legislation was enacted in workplaces throughout N. Ireland. The effects of this legislation on bar workers' health and their exposure to second-hand smoke at home, work and social environment, and their attitudes to the legislation before and after its implementation remain to be documented. METHODS A self-completed(More)
The purpose of this study was to identify trends in the diagnosis of carcinoma in situ (CIS) of the breast in the United Kingdom (UK) and the Republic of Ireland (ROI) and to examine the impact of mammography. Data on cases of newly diagnosed CIS of the breast and mode of detection (screen detected or not) were obtained, where available, from regional(More)
OBJECTIVE Endoscopic surveillance of Barrett's oesophagus (BO) provides an opportunity to detect early stage oesophageal adenocarcinoma (OAC). We sought to determine the proportion of OAC patients with a prior diagnosis of BO on a population basis and to evaluate the influence of a prior diagnosis of BO on survival, taking into account lead and length time(More)
Testosterone (T) concentrations in many species are sensitive to seasonal changes and to changes in social conditions. However, the effect of the natural or endogenous T increase in the juvenile on their social behaviour is not well understood. In this study, T and behaviour were measured from the pro-social juvenile to the adult stage in semi-feral(More)