Concentrations of myelin basic protein (MBP) in ventricular and lumbar cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of 20 pediatric hydrocephalic patients were reviewed. Raised values were found to be particularly significant in children aged more than 1 year. Control measurements after shunt placement showed an important drop in the MBP concentration, which could therefore… (More)
Six different cathelicidin-derived peptides were compared to tobramycin for antibacterial and anti-biofilm effects against S. aureus, P. aeruginosa, and S. maltophilia strains isolated from cystic fibrosis patients. Overall, SMAP-29, BMAP-28, and BMAP-27 showed relevant antibacterial activity (MIC(50) 4-8μg/ml), and in some cases higher than tobramycin. In… (More)
Raised ventricular CSF myelin basic protein (MBP) concentration has been evidenced in 17 shunted hydrocephalic patients. Contemporary evaluation both from ventricular and lumbar CSF samples showed a concentration ratio of 20:1. In all cases the raised values of ventricular CSF concentration of MBP demonstrated a significant decrease after shunt operation.… (More)
According to Gardner's hypothesis (1962) later confirmed by Jannetta (1982, 1985), hemifacial spasm can usually be related to a "vascular conflict" which takes place inside the cerebellopontine angle (CPA). Occasionally, the causative lesion can be identified as a mass encasing the facial nerve at its root exit zone (REZ) from the brain stem. The hemifacial… (More)
Patients with cystic fibrosis require pharmacological treatment against chronic lung infections. The alpha-helical antimicrobial peptides BMAP-27 and BMAP-28 have shown to be highly active in vitro against planktonic and sessile forms of multidrug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus, and Stenotrophomonas maltophilia cystic fibrosis… (More)
In the routine practice of neurosurgery, the attainment of an appropriate haemostasis during and after surgery is of the utmost importance. In the last few years, we have noticed that in several cases the standard coagulation methods (bipolar, Tabotamp, Spongostan) were not sufficient; in particular, patients with intraparenchymal haemorrhage under… (More)
Aneurysmal bone cysts (ABC) are benign osteolytic lesions that are more common in young people than in adults and involve the skull only exceptionally. The origin of ABC is still debated; indeed, some authors consider ABC to be an anomalous bony reaction that is secondary to traumas or tumours. Conversely, others consider ABC to be a distinct entity. A case… (More)
We report a rare case of a child with cerebellar infarction confirmed by vertebral angiography, computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging. The etiology of this case is unknown. The relevant literature is reviewed.