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The systemic inflammatory response has been postulated as having prognostic significance in a wide range of different cancer types. We aimed to assess the prognostic role of inflammatory markers on survival in HIV-infected patients with Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma (NHL), and to compute a prognostic score based on inflammatory biomarkers. We evaluated data on HIV(More)
BACKGROUND It is not well defined whether concentration-controlled intervention (CCI) and rules-based human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) type 1 genotype drug-resistance interpretation (GI) or virtual phenotype drug-resistance interpretation (VPI) may improve the outcome of HIV salvage therapy. METHODS In a prospective, randomized, controlled trial,(More)
Hepatitis C virus RNA, anti-hepatitis C virus immune response and biochemical markers of liver injury were investigated in 17 patients with acute non-A, non-B hepatitis. At the first observation, 1 to 3 wk from the clinical onset, all patients had hepatitis C virus RNA in their serum, and most (15 of 17) were positive for second-generation anti-hepatitis C(More)
A case of simultaneous infection with HIV and HCV characterized by a rapidly progressive clinical course was studied retrospectively over 3.5 years. Molecular analysis indicated interference between HIV and HCV and between HCV subtypes 1a and 1b. An ineffective immune response was suggested by the persistence and sequence conservation of the HCV HVR1(More)
BACKGROUND Although the mechanism of atazanavir (ATV)-related hyperbilirubinemia is well identified, its prevalence, risk factors, and association with transaminase flares have rarely been assessed in a large population from the "real life" setting. METHODS Prospectively collected data on 2,404 patients from the Italian MASTER Cohort and the Italian ATV(More)
BACKGROUND There is lack of data on the incidence of liver fibrosis (LF) progression in patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) monoinfection and risk factors for LF. METHODS We performed an observational prospective study in a cohort of HIV-infected patients who had initiated highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). FIB-4 and aspartate(More)
Although the development of antibodies against the hepatitis B virus surface antigen generally leads to the clearance of the infecting virus, anti-HBs reactivity has been reported in patients with chronic hepatitis. In the present study we analyzed the viral genome and the antibody specificity in a series of serum samples collected from a patient who(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of the study was to estimate the burden and direct costs of diseases in HIV-infected patients (either opportunistic illnesses or other chronic diseases) with respect to the HIV-uninfected population. These estimates will be useful for the projection of future direct costs of HIV care. PATIENTS AND METHODS A population-based study was(More)
BACKGROUND Nevirapine-containing regimens have been associated with a risk of significant elevations of liver transaminase levels. Higher risk in antiretroviral-naive populations has been related to gender and CD4+ T-cell count (women with CD4+ T-cell counts of > or =250/mm(3) or men with CD4+ T-cell counts of > or =400/mm(3), i.e. group at risk). However,(More)