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BACKGROUND We investigated the long-term outcome of gene therapy for severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) due to the lack of adenosine deaminase (ADA), a fatal disorder of purine metabolism and immunodeficiency. METHODS We infused autologous CD34+ bone marrow cells transduced with a retroviral vector containing the ADA gene into 10 children with SCID(More)
Hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) gene therapy for adenosine deaminase (ADA)-deficient severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) has shown limited clinical efficacy because of the small proportion of engrafted genetically corrected HSCs. We describe an improved protocol for gene transfer into HSCs associated with nonmyeloablative conditioning. This protocol was(More)
The metabolism of purine nucleotides was studied in human peripheral blood lymphocytes from healthy subjects and patients with B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia. Nucleotide content was determined by HPLC. The rate of de novo synthesis of purine nucleotides was measured kinetically by following the incorporation of 14C-formate into the nucleotides of a(More)
B-CLL is the most frequent type of leukemia in the Western countries. The disease, common among the elderly, follows a variable course in terms of survival time and symptoms. There is evidence that the accumulation of lymphocytes in peripheral blood and bone marrow is due to a cell resistance to apoptosis rather than to highly proliferative cells. Genetic(More)
BACKGROUND The diagnosis and monitoring of severe combined immunodeficiency disease (SCID) attributable to adenosine deaminase (ADA) deficiency requires measurements of ADA, purine nucleoside phosphorylase (PNP), and S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine-hydrolase (SAHH) activity and of deoxyadenosine metabolites. We developed capillary electrophoresis (CE) methods for(More)
OBJECTIVES The activity of membrane-bound ecto-5'-nucleotidase and soluble e-Ns and c-N-II 5'-nucleotidases was evaluated on lymphocytes from patients affected by B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL). A statistically significative decrease in ecto-5'-nucleotidase, e-Ns, and c-N-II activities was observed in peripheral blood lymphocytes and in B and T(More)
B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL) is an adult-onset highly heterogeneous malignancy characterized by a cells resistance to apoptosis rather than to highly proliferative cells. In previous research, we evidenced an imbalance of purine metabolism in B-CLL cells. Since the extracellular adenosine has been proved to induce apoptosis via A2b receptor,(More)
Purine nucleotides were studied in human peripheral blood lymphocytes from normal subjects and patients with chronic B-cell lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL). Nucleotide content was determined by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The overall rate of purine nucleotide synthesis was measured following the incorporation of 14C-formate into the(More)
The synthesis of purine nucleotides has been studied in human peripheral blood lymphocytes from healthy subjects and patients affected by B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL). The rate of the synthesis was measured by following the incorporation of 14C-formate into the nucleotides of lymphocyte suspensions. The whole sequence AMP-->ADP-->ATP was(More)
The behaviour of 5'-nucleotidase isoenzymes (ecto-5'-nucleotidase, e-Ns and c-N-II soluble 5'-nucleotidases) was studied in lymphocytes from patients with B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia. A strong reduction in ecto- and soluble activities was observed, although the pattern of the three 5'-nucleotidases did not always strictly overlap. A significant(More)