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BACKGROUND We investigated the long-term outcome of gene therapy for severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) due to the lack of adenosine deaminase (ADA), a fatal disorder of purine metabolism and immunodeficiency. METHODS We infused autologous CD34+ bone marrow cells transduced with a retroviral vector containing the ADA gene into 10 children with SCID(More)
Hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) gene therapy for adenosine deaminase (ADA)-deficient severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) has shown limited clinical efficacy because of the small proportion of engrafted genetically corrected HSCs. We describe an improved protocol for gene transfer into HSCs associated with nonmyeloablative conditioning. This protocol was(More)
Mutations in the adenosine deaminase (ADA) gene are responsible for a form of severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) caused by the lymphotoxic accumulation of ADA substrates, adenosine and 2'-deoxy-adenosine. The molecular mechanisms underlying T-cell dysfunction in humans remain to be elucidated. Here, we show that CD4(+) T cells from ADA-SCID patients(More)
Adenosine acts as anti-inflammatory mediator on the immune system and has been described in regulatory T cell (Treg)-mediated suppression. In the absence of adenosine deaminase (ADA), adenosine and other purine metabolites accumulate, leading to severe immunodeficiency with recurrent infections (ADA-SCID). Particularly ADA-deficient patients with late-onset(More)
Adenosine deaminase (ADA) deficiency is a disorder of the purine metabolism leading to combined immunodeficiency and systemic alterations, including skeletal abnormalities. We report that ADA deficiency in mice causes a specific bone phenotype characterized by alterations of structural properties and impaired mechanical competence. These alterations are the(More)
Rottlerin is a natural product isolated from Mallotus philippinensis. This polyphenolic compound, originally described as a selective inhibitor of PKCδ, can inhibit many other PKC-unrelated kinases and has a number of biological actions, including mitochondrial uncoupling effects. We recently found that Rottlerin inhibits the transcription factor nuclear(More)
BACKGROUND The diagnosis and monitoring of severe combined immunodeficiency disease (SCID) attributable to adenosine deaminase (ADA) deficiency requires measurements of ADA, purine nucleoside phosphorylase (PNP), and S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine-hydrolase (SAHH) activity and of deoxyadenosine metabolites. We developed capillary electrophoresis (CE) methods for(More)
The authors carried out an experimental study to compare the regeneration of nerves repaired with human fibrin glue and those sutured with nylon. The experiments were performed on rat peroneal nerves; the degree of regeneration was assessed by the neurophysiological strain gauge method, which involved recording the intensity of isometric contraction of the(More)
Adenosine Deaminase (ADA) deficiency is an autosomal recessive variant of severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) caused by systemic accumulation of ADA substrates. Neurological and behavioral abnormalities observed in ADA-SCID patients surviving after stem cell transplantation or gene therapy represent an unresolved enigma in the field. We found(More)
  • Barutta F, Piscitelli F Pinach, +97 authors Bianchi G
  • 2011
Protective role of cannabinoid receptor type 2 in a mouse model of diabetic nephropathy. Circulating urokinase receptor as a cause of focal segmental glomerulosclerosis. Rituximab targets podocytes in recurrent focal segmental glomerulosclerosis. Nephrin expression in adult rodent central nervous system and its interaction with glutamate receptors. mTORC1(More)