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Hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) gene therapy for adenosine deaminase (ADA)-deficient severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) has shown limited clinical efficacy because of the small proportion of engrafted genetically corrected HSCs. We describe an improved protocol for gene transfer into HSCs associated with nonmyeloablative conditioning. This protocol was(More)
BACKGROUND We investigated the long-term outcome of gene therapy for severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) due to the lack of adenosine deaminase (ADA), a fatal disorder of purine metabolism and immunodeficiency. METHODS We infused autologous CD34+ bone marrow cells transduced with a retroviral vector containing the ADA gene into 10 children with SCID(More)
OBJECTIVES The activity of membrane-bound ecto-5'-nucleotidase and soluble e-Ns and c-N-II 5'-nucleotidases was evaluated on lymphocytes from patients affected by B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL). A statistically significative decrease in ecto-5'-nucleotidase, e-Ns, and c-N-II activities was observed in peripheral blood lymphocytes and in B and T(More)
Adenosine deaminase (ADA) deficiency is a disorder of the purine metabolism leading to combined immunodeficiency and systemic alterations, including skeletal abnormalities. We report that ADA deficiency in mice causes a specific bone phenotype characterized by alterations of structural properties and impaired mechanical competence. These alterations are the(More)
The metabolism of purine nucleotides was studied in human peripheral blood lymphocytes from healthy subjects and patients with B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia. Nucleotide content was determined by HPLC. The rate of de novo synthesis of purine nucleotides was measured kinetically by following the incorporation of 14C-formate into the nucleotides of a(More)
Adenosine deaminase (ADA) deficiency is caused by a purine metabolic dysfunction, leading to severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) and multiple organ damage. To investigate the efficacy of ex vivo gene therapy with self-inactivating lentiviral vectors (LVs) in correcting this complex phenotype, we used an ADA(-/-) mouse model characterized by early(More)
Myocardial and endothelial damage is still a widely debated problem during the ischemia-reperfusion sequence in heart surgery. We evaluated myocardial purine metabolites, antioxidant defense mechanisms, oxidative status and endothelial dysfunction markers in 14 patients undergoing coronary artery by-pass graft (CABG). Heart biopsies were taken before aortic(More)
Adenosine is known to be associated with effects such as inhibition of immune response, coronary vasodilation, stimulation of angiogenesis, and inhibition of inflammatory reactions. Some authors suggest that adenosine may also have similar functions in tumor tissues. Tissue levels of adenosine are under close regulation by different enzymes acting at(More)
OBJECTIVES High-energy phosphates and their catabolic products were determined in myocardium during coronary artery bypass surgery with blood cardioplegic reperfusion in order to evaluate the effects of aortic cross-clamping and reoxygenation on myocardial purine metabolism. DESIGN AND METHODS Transmural left ventricular biopsy specimens were taken with(More)