Filip Van Petegem

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Many physiological events require transient increases in cytosolic Ca(2+) concentrations. Ryanodine receptors (RyRs) are ion channels that govern the release of Ca(2+) from the endoplasmic and sarcoplasmic reticulum. Mutations in RyRs can lead to severe genetic conditions that affect both cardiac and skeletal muscle, but locating the mutated residues in the(More)
Voltage-gated calcium channels (CaVs) are large, multisubunit complexes that control cellular calcium entry. CaV pore-forming (CaValpha1) and cytoplasmic (CaVbeta) subunits associate through a high-affinity interaction between the CaValpha1 alpha interaction domain (AID) and CaVbeta alpha binding pocket (ABP). Here we analyze AID-ABP interaction(More)
Voltage-gated sodium (Nav) channels are embedded in a multicomponent membrane signaling complex that plays a crucial role in cellular excitability. Although the mechanism remains unclear, β-subunits modify Nav channel function and cause debilitating disorders when mutated. While investigating whether β-subunits also influence ligand interactions, we found(More)
Calcium influx drives two opposing voltage-activated calcium channel (Ca(V)) self-modulatory processes: calcium-dependent inactivation (CDI) and calcium-dependent facilitation (CDF). Specific Ca(2+)/calmodulin (Ca(2+)/CaM) lobes produce CDI and CDF through interactions with the Ca(V)alpha(1) subunit IQ domain. Curiously, Ca(2+)/CaM lobe modulation polarity(More)
The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) form major intracellular Ca(2+) stores. Ryanodine receptors (RyRs) are large tetrameric ion channels in the SR and ER membranes that can release Ca(2+) upon triggering. With molecular masses exceeding 2.2MDa, they represent the pinnacle of ion channel complexity. RyRs have adopted long-range(More)
Acetonitrile hydratase (ANHase) of Rhodococcus jostii RHA1 is a cobalt-containing enzyme with no significant sequence identity with characterized nitrile hydratases. The ANHase structural genes anhA and anhB are separated by anhE, predicted to encode an 11.1-kDa polypeptide. An anhE deletion mutant did not grow on acetonitrile but grew on acetamide, the(More)
Voltage-gated sodium channels underlie the rapid regenerative upstroke of action potentials and are modulated by cytoplasmic calcium ions through a poorly understood mechanism. We describe the 1.35 Å crystal structure of Ca(2+)-bound calmodulin (Ca(2+)/CaM) in complex with the inactivation gate (DIII-IV linker) of the cardiac sodium channel (Na(V)1.5). The(More)
Interactions between voltage-gated calcium channels (Ca(V)s) and calmodulin (CaM) modulate Ca(V) function. In this study, we report the structure of a Ca(2+)/CaM Ca(V)1.2 C-terminal tail complex that contains two PreIQ helices bridged by two Ca(2+)/CaMs and two Ca(2+)/CaM-IQ domain complexes. Sedimentation equilibrium experiments establish that the complex(More)
Corticosteroid-binding globulin (CBG) was isolated from chicken serum and identified by mass spectrometry and genomic analysis. This revealed that the organization and synteny of avian and mammalian SerpinA6 genes are conserved. Recombinant zebra finch CBG steroid-binding properties reflect those of the natural protein in plasma and confirm its identity.(More)
Ryanodine receptors (RyRs) are huge ion channels that are responsible for the release of Ca(2+) from the sarco/endoplasmic reticulum. RyRs form homotetramers with a mushroom-like shape, consisting of a large cytoplasmic head and transmembrane stalk. Ca(2+) is a major physiological ligand that triggers opening of RyRs, but a plethora of modulatory proteins(More)