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A key feature of polarized epithelial cells is the ability to maintain the specific biochemical composition of the apical and basolateral plasma membrane domains while selectively allowing transport of proteins and lipids from one pole to the opposite by transcytosis. The small GTPase, rab17, a member of the rab family of regulators of intracellular(More)
There are two types of replication-deficient herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) vectors: those in which the foreign DNA of interest is cloned into the viral genome itself, and those that are comprised of a plasmid (amplicon) carrying minimal HSV-1 sequences that allow it to be packaged into virus particles with the aid of a helper virus. This unit(More)
Tau protein hyperphosphorylation and aggregation into neurofibrillary tangles are characteristic features of several neurodegenerative disorders referred to as tauopathies. Among them, frontotemporal dementia and Parkinsonism linked to chromosome 17 may be caused by dominant missense mutations in the tau gene. Transgenic mice expressing mutant tau serve as(More)
E26 is an acute avian leukemia virus that contains two nuclear oncogenes, v-myb and v-ets, and that is capable of transforming early cells of the erythroid and myeloid lineages. In another study, we have found that TPA (phorbol 12,13-dibutyrate) treatment of E26-transformants displaying an 'early erythroid' phenotype results in the production of cells with(More)
The tauopathies, which include Alzheimer's disease (AD) and frontotemporal dementias, are a group of neurodegenerative disorders characterized by filamentous Tau aggregates. That Tau dysfunction can cause neurodegeneration is indicated by pathogenic tau mutations in frontotemporal dementia and parkinsonism linked to chromosome 17 (FTDP-17). To investigate(More)
It has been extensively described that neuronal differentiation involves the signalling through neurotrophin receptors to a Ras-dependent mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascade. However, signalling pathways from other neuritogenic factors have not been well established. It has been reported that cAMP may activate protein kinase (PKA), and it has(More)
Even though the idea that amyloid beta peptide accumulation is the primary event in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease has become the leading hypothesis, the causal link between aberrant amyloid precursor protein processing and tau alterations in this type of dementia remains controversial. We further investigated the role of beta-amyloid(More)
A continuous normal function of olfactory ensheathing glia (OEG) is to promote axonal regeneration from the olfactory neuroepithelium to the brain, and their neuroregenerative potential in other CNS sites such as the injured spinal cord has been studied for over a decade. However, human OEG are difficult to obtain in large amounts directly from tissues, and(More)
Mitochondrial alterations are detected in most neurodegenerative disorders and may contribute to the dysfunction and demise of neuronal cells. Because glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK-3) is considered to be a critical factor in regulating neuronal cell survival and death, we studied the effects of modulating GSK-3 activity in cultured neurons treated with(More)
The importance of individual members of the neurotrophin gene family for avian inner ear development is not clearly defined. Here we address the role of two neurotrophins, brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and nerve growth factor (NGF), for innervation of the chicken cochlea. We have used defective herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) vectors, or(More)