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Flavonoids are very common and widespread secondary plant metabolites. They have a wide range of biological and physiological activities and serve as chemotaxonomic marker compounds. Therefore, they have been extensively investigated both in the past and during recent years. The interest in them is still increasing. In the search for new compounds, and also(More)
Trabectedin (YONDELIS) is a potent anticancer agent which was recently approved in Europe for the treatment of soft tissue sarcoma. The drug is currently also in clinical development for the treatment of ovarian carcinoma. In vitro experiments were conducted to investigate the hepatic metabolism of [(14)C]trabectedin in Cynomolgus monkey and human liver(More)
During the development of a new drug compound, its metabolism needs to be unraveled. For quantification of the metabolites formed, the drug under investigation is traditionally synthesized with a radiolabel ((14)C or (3)H) and the metabolites present in different matrixes (blood, urine, feces) upon drug administration are determined by means of(More)
In this study, a high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) inductively coupled plasma (ICP) mass spectrometry (MS) method was developed intended for use in metabolism studies of bromine-containing drugs, administered to test animals (or test persons). As a case study, the method was applied to a new antituberculosis compound, the bromine-containing(More)
The absorption, metabolism, and excretion of ibrutinib were investigated in healthy men after administration of a single oral dose of 140 mg of ¹⁴C-labeled ibrutinib. The mean (S.D.) cumulative excretion of radioactivity of the dose was 7.8% (1.4%) in urine and 80.6% (3.1%) in feces with <1% excreted as parent ibrutinib. Only oxidative metabolites and very(More)
This study reports the application of mass spectrometric methods to characterize unknown flavonoids of the herb Farsetia aegyptia Turra (Crucifereae). High-performance liquid chromatography was performed in combination with UV-photodiode array detection (LC/UV-DAD) and electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (LC/ESI-MS) in both positive and negative ion(More)
Absorption, metabolism, and excretion of darunavir, an inhibitor of human immunodeficiency virus protease, was studied in eight healthy male subjects after a single oral dose of 400 mg of [(14)C]darunavir given alone (unboosted subjects) or with ritonavir [100 mg b.i.d. 2 days before and 7 days after darunavir administration (boosted subjects)]. Plasma(More)
A multimodal mass spectrometry imaging (MSI) based approach was used to characterize the molecular content of crystal-like structures in a frozen and paraffin embedded piece of a formalin-fixed rabbit kidney. Matrix assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight (MALDI-TOF) imaging and desorption electrospray ionization (DESI) mass spectrometry imaging(More)
To predict the tramadol in vivo pharmacokinetics in adults by using in vitro metabolism data and an in vitro-in vivo extrapolation (IVIVE)-linked physiologically-based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) modeling and simulation approach (Simcyp®). Tramadol metabolism data was gathered using metabolite formation in human liver microsomes (HLM) and recombinant enzyme(More)
The aim of this work was speciation analysis of metabolites in feces samples collected within a clinical study during which a bromine-containing anti-tuberculosis drug (TMC207) was administered to patients with multi-drug resistant tuberculosis infection. Owing to slow elimination of the drug, no (14)C label was used within this study. Quantification of the(More)