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The high degree of structural and molecular complexity of the actin-based cytoskeleton, combined with its ability to reorganize rapidly and locally in response to stimuli, and its force-generating properties, have made it difficult to assess how the different actin structures are assembled in cells, and how they regulate cell behavior. An obvious approach(More)
This review provides a detailed overview of the current state of knowledge about the ultrastructure and dynamics of liver sinusoidal endothelial fenestrae. Various aspects of liver sinusoidal endothelial fenestrae regarding their structure, origin, species specificity, dynamics and formation will be explored. In addition, the role of liver sinusoidal(More)
Critical point drying (CPD) is a common method of drying biological specimens for scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Drying by evaporation of hexamethyldisilazane (HMDS) has been described as a good alternative. This method, however, is infrequently used. Therefore, we reassessed HMDS drying. Cultured rat hepatic sinusoidal endothelial cells (LEC),(More)
From diagnosis of life-threatening diseases to detection of biological agents in warfare or terrorist attacks, biosensors are becoming a critical part of modern life. Many recent biosensors have incorporated carbon nanotubes as sensing elements, while a growing body of work has begun to do the same with the emergent nanomaterial graphene, which is(More)
The C-terminal binding protein (CtBP) family includes four proteins (CtBP1 [CtBP1-L], CtBP3/BARS [CtBP1-S], CtBP2, and RIBEYE) which are implicated both in transcriptional repression and in intracellular trafficking. However, the precise mechanisms by which different CtBP proteins are targeted to different subcellular regions remains unknown. Here, we(More)
The authors investigated the morphology and the elastic properties of living cultured rat liver macrophages (Kupffer cells) with an atomic force microscope (AFM). Continuous imaging and elasticity mapping of individual cells in physiological buffer was carried out for several hours without damaging the cells as judged by their persistent undisturbed(More)
Hepatic endothelial fenestrae are dynamic structures that act as a sieving barrier to control the extensive exchange of material between the blood and the liver parenchyma. Alterations in the number or diameter of fenestrae by drugs, hormones, toxins, and diseases can produce serious perturbations in liver function. Previous studies have shown that(More)
Cells from the excretory ducts of the pancreas are thought to be capable of differentiating into exocrine and endocrine cells. To study this in rat models, markers must be found to identify the cells under different experimental conditions. We tested antibodies to different cytokeratins (CKs) by immunocytochemical staining on pancreatic tissue sections from(More)
Introduction The structural integrity of the heart is maintained by the endto-end connections between cardiomyocytes. These specialized cell-cell contacts, called intercalated discs, ensure mechanical and electrochemical coupling of the contractile cells. The intercalated disc was originally described as consisting of three main junctional complexes:(More)
Liver sinusoids harbor populations of 2 important types of immunocompetent cells, Kupffer cells (KCs) and natural killer (NK) cells, which are thought to play an important role in controlling hepatic metastasis in the first 24 hr upon arrival of the tumor cells in the liver. We studied the early interaction of KCs, NK and CC531s colon carcinoma cells in a(More)