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The high degree of structural and molecular complexity of the actin-based cytoskeleton, combined with its ability to reorganize rapidly and locally in response to stimuli, and its force-generating properties, have made it difficult to assess how the different actin structures are assembled in cells, and how they regulate cell behavior. An obvious approach(More)
This review provides a detailed overview of the current state of knowledge about the ultrastructure and dynamics of liver sinusoidal endothelial fenestrae. Various aspects of liver sinusoidal endothelial fenestrae regarding their structure, origin, species specificity, dynamics and formation will be explored. In addition, the role of liver sinusoidal(More)
The C-terminal binding protein (CtBP) family includes four proteins (CtBP1 [CtBP1-L], CtBP3/BARS [CtBP1-S], CtBP2, and RIBEYE) which are implicated both in transcriptional repression and in intracellular trafficking. However, the precise mechanisms by which different CtBP proteins are targeted to different subcellular regions remains unknown. Here, we(More)
The authors investigated the morphology and the elastic properties of living cultured rat liver macrophages (Kupffer cells) with an atomic force microscope (AFM). Continuous imaging and elasticity mapping of individual cells in physiological buffer was carried out for several hours without damaging the cells as judged by their persistent undisturbed(More)
Critical point drying (CPD) is a common method of drying biological specimens for scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Drying by evaporation of hexamethyldisilazane (HMDS) has been described as a good alternative. This method, however, is infrequently used. Therefore, we reassessed HMDS drying. Cultured rat hepatic sinusoidal endothelial cells (LEC),(More)
Background: Shear stress forces acting on liver sinusoidal endothelial cells following resection have been noted as a possible trigger in the early stages of hepatic regeneration. Thus, the morphology and gene expression of endothelial cells following partial hepatectomy or shear stress in vitro was studied.
Liver sinusoids harbor populations of 2 important types of immunocompetent cells, Kupffer cells (KCs) and natural killer (NK) cells, which are thought to play an important role in controlling hepatic metastasis in the first 24 hr upon arrival of the tumor cells in the liver. We studied the early interaction of KCs, NK and CC531s colon carcinoma cells in a(More)
Class I fungal hydrophobins are small surface-active proteins that self-assemble to form amphipathic monolayers composed of amyloid-like rodlets. The monolayers are extremely robust and can adsorb onto both hydrophobic and hydrophilic surfaces to reverse their wettability. This adherence is particularly strong for hydrophobic materials. In this report, we(More)
To understand the function of the suppressor of cytokine signaling (SOCS)-7, we have looked for proteins interacting with SOCS-7 in a stringent yeast two-hybrid screen of a human leukocyte cDNA-library. We identified the cytoskeletal molecule vinexin as a partner interacting with SOCS-7. Tests with deletion mutants of SOCS-7 demonstrated that a central(More)
One of the main characteristics of multiple myeloma (MM) cells is their specific homing and growth in the bone marrow (BM). For their homing, MM cells need chemotactic signals to be attracted towards the BM and to be activated. Profound knowledge of the different chemokines for MM cells and their signal transduction pathways is necessary to interfere in(More)