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The high degree of structural and molecular complexity of the actin-based cytoskeleton, combined with its ability to reorganize rapidly and locally in response to stimuli, and its force-generating properties, have made it difficult to assess how the different actin structures are assembled in cells, and how they regulate cell behavior. An obvious approach(More)
The C-terminal binding protein (CtBP) family includes four proteins (CtBP1 [CtBP1-L], CtBP3/BARS [CtBP1-S], CtBP2, and RIBEYE) which are implicated both in transcriptional repression and in intracellular trafficking. However, the precise mechanisms by which different CtBP proteins are targeted to different subcellular regions remains unknown. Here, we(More)
This review provides a detailed overview of the current state of knowledge about the ultrastructure and dynamics of liver sinusoidal endothelial fenestrae. Various aspects of liver sinusoidal endothelial fenestrae regarding their structure, origin, species specificity, dynamics and formation will be explored. In addition, the role of liver sinusoidal(More)
Class I fungal hydrophobins are small surface-active proteins that self-assemble to form amphipathic monolayers composed of amyloid-like rodlets. The monolayers are extremely robust and can adsorb onto both hydrophobic and hydrophilic surfaces to reverse their wettability. This adherence is particularly strong for hydrophobic materials. In this report, we(More)
To understand the function of the suppressor of cytokine signaling (SOCS)-7, we have looked for proteins interacting with SOCS-7 in a stringent yeast two-hybrid screen of a human leukocyte cDNA-library. We identified the cytoskeletal molecule vinexin as a partner interacting with SOCS-7. Tests with deletion mutants of SOCS-7 demonstrated that a central(More)
The atomic force microscope (AFM) is a powerful tool to investigate surface and submembranous structures of living cells under physiological conditions at high resolution. These properties enabled us to study the interaction between live hepatic natural killer (NK) cells, also called pit cells, and colon carcinoma cells in vitro by AFM. In addition, the(More)
One of the main characteristics of multiple myeloma (MM) cells is their specific homing and growth in the bone marrow (BM). For their homing, MM cells need chemotactic signals to be attracted towards the BM and to be activated. Profound knowledge of the different chemokines for MM cells and their signal transduction pathways is necessary to interfere in(More)
Alpha-catenins play key functional roles in cadherin-catenin cell-cell adhesion complexes. We previously reported on alphaT-catenin, a novel member of the alpha-catenin protein family. alphaT-catenin is expressed predominantly in cardiomyocytes, where it colocalizes with alphaE-catenin at the intercalated discs. Whether alphaT- and alphaE-catenin have(More)
The authors investigated the morphology and the elastic properties of living cultured rat liver macrophages (Kupffer cells) with an atomic force microscope (AFM). Continuous imaging and elasticity mapping of individual cells in physiological buffer was carried out for several hours without damaging the cells as judged by their persistent undisturbed(More)
Nanoparticles with an iron core and gold shell (denoted "Fe@AuÓ") have been reported to limit cancer-cell proliferation and therefore have been proposed as a potential anti-cancer agent. However, the underlying mechanisms are still unknown. In this study, we used flow cytometry, confocal fluorescence microscopy, and transmission electron microscopy to(More)