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Although functional imaging studies have frequently examined age-related changes in neural recruitment during cognitive tasks, much less is known about such changes during motor performance. In the present study, we used functional magnetic resonance imaging to investigate age-related changes in cyclical hand and/or foot movements across different degrees(More)
It is commonly agreed that a functional dissociation with respect to the internal vs external control of movements exists for several brain regions. This has, however, only been tested in relation to the timing and preparation of motor responses, but not to ongoing movement control. Using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), the present study(More)
Whereas behavioral studies have made significant contributions toward the identification of the principles governing the coordination of limb movements, little is known about the role of higher brain areas that are involved in interlimb coordination. Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) was used to reveal the brain areas activated during the(More)
In the present functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) study, we assessed the neural network governing bimanual coordination during manipulations of spatiotemporal complexity and cycling frequency. A parametric analysis was applied to determine the effects of each of both factors as well as their interaction. Subjects performed four different cyclical(More)
Motor skill acquisition is associated with the development of automaticity and induces neuroplastic changes in the brain. Using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), the present study traced learning-related activation changes during the acquisition of a new complex bimanual skill, requiring a difficult spatio-temporal relationship between the(More)
Behavioral studies in humans have shown that bimanual coordination imposes specific demands on the central nervous system that exceed unimanual task control. In the present study we used functional magnetic resonance imaging to investigate the neural correlate of this additional coordination effort, i.e. regions responding more strongly to bimanual(More)
Coordination of the ipsilateral limbs was studied in unilateral stroke patients and a control group of healthy age-matched controls. Cyclical single-limb movements of the forearm and lower leg as well as their coordination, with the segments moving either in the same (isodirectional) or in different directions (nonisodirectional), were investigated under(More)
In bimanual movements, interference emerges when limbs are moved simultaneously along incompatible directions. The neural substrate and mechanisms underlying this phenomenon are largely unknown. We used functional magnetic resonance imaging to compare brain activation during directional incompatible versus compatible bimanual movements. Our main results(More)
Bimanual interference emerges when spatial features, such as movement direction or amplitude, differ between limbs, as indicated by a mutual bias of limb trajectories. Although first insights into the neural basis of directional interference have been revealed recently, little is known about the neural network associated with amplitude interference. We(More)
Young and elderly participants performed concurrent ipsilateral hand-foot movements either isodirectionally or nonisodirectionally. We determined performance by measuring the maximal cycling frequency at which the coordination pattern could be performed successfully (CF(max)). We also determined attentional costs by means of a dual-task paradigm. Findings(More)