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Breast cancer incidence in Asia has doubled over the past 10 years and is one of the highest in Hong Kong [1]. Studies in western populations have found differences in breast cancer epidemiology between Asian and Caucasian populations, potentially due to interactions between different lifestyle and genetic characteristics [2–4]. As the genetic(More)
Germline BRCA gene mutations are reportedly associated with hereditary breast and ovarian cancers. Identification of BRCA mutations greatly improves the preventive strategies and management of breast cancer. Sanger sequencing has been the gold standard in identifying these mutations. However, 4-28% of inherited BRCA mutations may be due to large genomic(More)
By comparative DNA fingerprinting, we identified a 357-bp DNA fragment frequently amplified in esophageal squamous cell carcinomas (ESCC). This fragment overlaps with an expressed sequence tag mapped to 7q22. Further 5' and 3'-rapid amplification of cDNA ends revealed that it is part of a novel, single-exon gene with full-length mRNA of 2052 bp and encodes(More)
BACKGROUND Ethnic variations in breast cancer epidemiology and genetics have necessitated investigation of the spectra of BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations in different populations. Knowledge of BRCA mutations in Chinese populations is still largely unknown. We conducted a multi-center study to characterize the spectra of BRCA mutations in Chinese breast and(More)
AIMS Mutation of the KRAS gene predicts the clinical response to the monoclonal antibody cetuximab in patients with advanced colorectal cancer (CRC). This study aimed to perform KRAS mutation detection on formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tumour tissue by two different methods for comparison. METHODS The FFPE sample was microdissected to enrich for(More)
Breast cancers related to BRCA mutations are associated with particular biological features. Here we report the clinical and pathological characteristics of breast cancer in Chinese women with and without BRCA mutations and of carriers of BRCA1 mutations compared to BRCA2 mutations. Two hundred and 26 high-risk Hong Kong Chinese women were tested for BRCA(More)
Breast cancer is the most frequently occurring malignancy in not only Western but also Asian women. Germline mutations in the breast cancer susceptibility genes, BRCA1 and BRCA2, are found in a significant proportion of patients affected by hereditary breast/ovarian cancer [1]. Pathogenic mutations in BRCA1 and BRCA2 are predominantly small deletions,(More)
Approximately 5%-10% of breast cancers are due to genetic predisposition caused by germline mutations; the most commonly tested genes are BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations. Some mutations are unique to one family and others are recurrent; the spectrum of BRCA1/BRCA2 mutations varies depending on the geographical origins, populations or ethnic groups. In this(More)
3p21 is an important locus harbouring critical tumour suppressor genes (TSG), which are implicated in the pathogenesis of multiple tumours, including oesophageal carcinoma. RASSF1A is a 3p21.3 candidate TSG frequently inactivated by promoter methylation in multiple tumours. We investigated RASSF1A promoter methylation and gene expression in Chinese(More)
Germline mutations in the two breast cancer susceptibility genes, BRCA1 and BRCA2 account for a significant portion of hereditary breast/ovarian cancer. De novo mutations such as multiple exon deletion are rarely occurred in BRCA1 and BRCA2. During our mutation screening for BRCA1/2 genes to Chinese women with risk factors for hereditary breast/ovarian(More)