Fiacro Jiménez

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OBJECTIVE In the treatment of tremor and rigidity in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD), the prelemniscal radiation (RAPRL), a subthalamic bundle of fibers, is an exquisite target that can be visualized easily on ventriculograms. We sought to evaluate the effect of electrical stimulation of the RAPRL on symptoms and signs of PD in a long-term trial and(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the clinical, electroencephalographic (EEG), and histopathologic effects of subacute electrical stimulation of the hippocampal formation or gyrus (SAHCS) on 10 patients with intractable temporal lobe seizures. METHODS Bilateral, depth, hippocampal or unilateral, subdural, basotemporal electrodes were implanted in all 10 patients for(More)
OBJECTIVE Stimulation of the inferior thalamic peduncle (ITP) is emerging as a promising new therapeutic target in certain psychiatric disorders. The circuitry that includes the nonspecific thalamic system (NSTS), which projects via the ITP to the orbitofrontal cortex (OFC), is involved in the physiopathology of major depression disorder (MDD) and obsessive(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the efficacy of chronic electrical stimulation of centromedian thalamic nuclei (ESCM) in the treatment of difficult-to-control seizures. METHODS Thirteen patients underwent ESCM for periods ranging from 12 to 94 months (mean, 41.2 mo) with electrodes stereotactically placed in both centromedian nuclei and connected to internalized(More)
Previous reports have provided evidence of a reticulo-thalamic system, extending from the mesencephalic reticular formation (MRF) to the ventrolateral thalamus (VL), involved in the production of tremor. In humans, a funnel of fibers in the posterior subthalamus named the prelemniscal radiations (Raprl) has been described as an exquisite target to treat(More)
Controversy exists regarding the optimal means for monitoring the patient receiving pentobarbital therapy during medical coma. Serum pentobarbital levels have been used traditionally to gauge cerebral penetration and efficacy of the drug. These peripheral levels have been assumed to reflect pentobarbital concentrations in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and,(More)
The present report recapitulates the clinical and electrophysiologic studies we have performed on patients with certain forms of medically intractable epilepsy to investigate the basic mechanisms and predictor factors for seizure control of the electrical stimulation of the thalamic centromedian nucleus (CM) procedure. Acute electrical stimulation of CM(More)
OBJECTIVE AND IMPORTANCE The present report explored the effect of electrical stimulation on the inferior thalamic peduncle in a patient with resistant major depression disorder (MDD). CLINICAL PRESENTATION This report refers to a 49-year-old woman with a history of recurrent episodes of major depression for 20 years (12 episodes and 2 hospitalizations),(More)
OBJECTIVE Tremor and rigidity have been efficiently controlled by electrical stimulation of contralateral prelemniscal radiations (Raprl) in patients with unilateral Parkinson's disease. The present study determines the effect of bilateral Raprl electrical stimulation in a group of patients with severe bilateral tremor, rigidity, and bradykinesia. METHODS(More)
OBJECTIVE To present a review of evidence for an inhibitory thalamo-orbitofrontal system related to physiopathology of major depression disorders (MDDs) and to postulate that interfering with hyperactivity of the thalamo-orbitofrontal system by means of chronic high-frequency electrical stimulation of its main fiber connection, the inferior thalamic(More)