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In vivo measurements of equivalent resistivities of skull (rho(skull)) and brain (rho(brain)) are performed for six subjects using an electric impedance tomography (EIT)-based method and realistic models for the head. The classical boundary element method (BEM) formulation for EIT is very time consuming. However, the application of the Sherman-Morrison(More)
The general spatiotemporal covariance matrix of the background noise in MEG/EEG signals is huge. To reduce the dimensionality of this matrix it is modeled as a Kronecker product of a spatial and a temporal covariance matrix. When the number of time samples is larger than, say, J = 500, the iterative Maximum Likelihood estimation of these two matrices is(More)
Neuronal signal integration and information processing in cortical neuronal networks critically depend on the organization of synaptic connectivity. Because of the challenges involved in measuring a large number of neurons, synaptic connectivity is difficult to determine experimentally. Current computational methods for estimating connectivity typically(More)
Often MEG/EEG is measured in a few slightly different conditions to investigate the functionality of the human brain. This kind of data sets show similarities, though are different for each condition. When solving the inverse problem (IP), performing the source localization, one encounters the problem that this IP is ill-posed: constraints are necessary to(More)
The standard procedure to determine the brain response from a multitrial evoked magnetoencephalography (MEG) or electroencephalography (EEG) data set is to average the individual trials of these data, time locked to the stimulus onset. When the brain responses vary from trial-to-trial this approach is false. In this paper, a maximum-likelihood estimator is(More)
The single Kronecker product (KP) model for the spatiotemporal covariance of MEG residuals is extended to a sum of Kronecker products. This sum of KP is estimated such that it approximates the spatiotemporal sample covariance best in matrix norm. Contrary to the single KP, this extension allows for describing multiple, independent phenomena in the ongoing(More)
Neuronal signal integration and information processing in cortical networks critically depend on the organization of synaptic connectivity. During development, neurons can form synaptic connections when their axonal and dendritic arborizations come within close proximity of each other. Although many signaling cues are thought to be involved in guiding(More)
In this paper, we investigate the origin of the large inter-subject-variability of EEG-fMRI correlation patterns. For that purpose, a simplified representation of the fMRI signal is obtained by using a hierarchical clustering algorithm detecting spatial patterns of mutually correlated voxels. The general-linear model is subsequently used to determine which(More)
In this paper we introduce a covariance framework for the analysis of single subject EEG and MEG data that takes into account observed temporal stationarity on small time scales and trial-to-trial variations. We formulate a model for the covariance matrix, which is a Kronecker product of three components that correspond to space, time and epochs/trials, and(More)