Fetnat M. Fouad

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In a prospective study of 80 patients with primary aldosteronism (70 with adenoma and 10 with hyperplasia), "refractory" hypertension, hyperkinetic circulation, and hypovolemia were frequent occurrences. We found that measurements of serum potassium concentration and plasma renin activity were inadequate screening tests because of high rates of(More)
BACKGROUND A new Doppler echocardiographic technique has been developed for automated cardiac output measurement (ACOM) that assumes neither a flat flow profile nor collinearity with the scan line, but clinical validation of this method is lacking. METHODS AND RESULTS In 165 subjects (50 intensive care patients, 10 dobutamine echocardiography patients,(More)
The degree of parasympathetic control of heart rate was assessed by the abolition of respiratory sinus arrhythmia with atropine. Peak-to-peak variations in heart periods (VHP) before atropine injection correlated significantly (r = 0.90, P less than 0.001) with parasympathetic control, indicating that VHP alone may be used as a noninvasive indicator of the(More)
Eleven patients with orthostatic intolerance had, for no detectable reason, a marked reduction in blood volume (73 +/- 2.29% [SE] of normal). Head-up tilt caused a pronounced increase in heart rate (+ 39 +/- 6 beats/min); one patient had a vasovagal episode after the initial tachycardia. Extensive diagnostic study excluded pheochromocytoma,(More)
Reversal of left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy has definitely been proved to follow effective blood pressure control in hypertensive patients. This reduction in cardiac mass does not depend solely on blood pressure levels as measured in routine follow-up; it varies markedly with the type of drug used and even among patients treated with the same(More)
Thirty-three hypertensive patients with a wide range of renal function were studied during initiation of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibition with captopril to evaluate changes in potassium levels concomitant with reduction of aldosterone excretion. Ten patients (Group I) with low levels of plasma renin activity had no change in either aldosterone(More)
Ten patients with essential hypertension and left ventricular hypertrophy were treated with relatively small doses of methyldopa (500 to 750 mg/day) added to long-term diuretic therapy. Sequential M mode echocardiography showed significant reduction in left ventricular mass 36 weeks after addition of methyldopa in four patients (359 +/- 77 [standard error(More)
The long-term effects of captopril therapy were assessed by sequential hemodynamic studies over a 6 month period in 19 patients with resistant congestive heart failure. Initial improvement during the first week of therapy was noted only in 11 and was marked by significant (p less than 0.005) increases in cardiac output and stroke volume, slowing of heart(More)
Autonomic nervous system dysfunction has been described frequently in uremic patients. The purpose of this study is to determine the localization of this abnormality and to study the possible relationship between autonomic dysfunction and the occurrence of dialysis hypotension. Sixteen consecutive patients participated in the study, 5 of whom had a history(More)
In addition to providing useful clinical information, cardiac output determined during rubidium-82 positron emission tomography (PET) myocardial perfusion studies can be used in the measurement of absolute regional myocardial blood flow using Sapirstein's method. This investigation was conducted to compare cardiac output values obtained by post-processing(More)