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1. Neurones of the nucleus reticularis thalami of the rat were studied by intracellular recordings from in vitro slices. The resting membrane potential was -56.28 +/- 5.86 mV (mean value +/- S.D.); input resistance was 43.09 +/- 9.74 M omega; the time constant tau was 16.51 +/- 3.99 ms. At the resting membrane potential tonic firing is present, while at(More)
The maturational profile of the firing characteristics of 217 layer V pyramidal neurons of rat sensorimotor cortex, injected with biocytin for morphological reconstruction, was analysed by means of intracellular recordings made between postnatal day (P)3 and 22. Starting from the onset of the second postnatal week, the pyramidal neurons could be(More)
In the context of focal and drug-resistant epilepsy, surgical resection of the epileptogenic zone may be the only therapeutic option for reducing or suppressing seizures. In many such patients, intracranial stereo-EEG recordings remain the gold standard for the epilepsy surgery work-up. Assessing the extent of the epileptogenic zone and its organisation is(More)
One hundred and twenty-eight adult patients presenting with and operated on for supratentorial neoplasms were studied. Sixty-five had preoperative seizures and were treated with anti-epileptic drugs (AEDs). Among the 63 patients without preoperative epileptic fits, 41 were given AEDs (either phenobarbital or phenytoin) as prophylactic treatment and 22 were(More)
In in vitro slices prepared from rat sensorimotor cortex, intracellular recordings were obtained from 107 layer V pyramidal neurons, subsequently injected with biocytin for morphological reconstruction. Of the 107 neurons, 59 (55.1%) were identified as adapting (45) or non-adapting (13) regular spiking neurons (RS), and 48 (44.9%) as intrinsically bursting(More)
The effect of the protein kinase C (PKC) activator 1-oleoyl-2-acetyl-sn-glycerol (OAG) on TTX-sensitive Na+ currents in neocortical pyramidal neurones was evaluated using voltage-clamp and intracellular current-clamp recordings. In pyramid-shaped dissociated neurones, the addition of OAG to the superfusing medium consistently led to a 30% reduction in the(More)
Myoclonus has different clinical and neurophysiological features in patients with Unverricht-Lundborg (ULD) and Lafora body disease (LBD), probably because of a different cortical hyperexcitability profile. To investigate the role of intracortical inhibition in such different presentations, we used paired-pulse transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) in ten(More)
1. We investigated the development of epileptic activity in the limbic lobe of the in vitro isolated brain preparation after induction of a restricted epileptic focus in the rostral portion of the anterior piriform cortex (APC) by means of local bicuculline ejection. 2. The modifications of the local responses evoked by stimulation of the lateral olfactory(More)
Five patients with unilateral myoclonus and a clinical diagnosis of corticobasal degeneration (CBD) were studied. All patients showed enhanced long-loop responses in their myoclonic arms without enlarged somatosensory potentials. The cortical relay time of the long-loop responses was studied in three patients, in two of whom it was < 2 ms, even in the(More)
We studied changes in event-related desynchronization/synchronization (ERD/ERS) patterns in patients with Unverricht-Lundborg disease (ULD), presenting with prominent action myoclonus. We analyzed the movement-related ERD/ERS in alpha and beta frequency bands in 15 patients using self-paced finger extension as a motor paradigm and we compared the results(More)