Ferruccio Panzica

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1. Neurones of the nucleus reticularis thalami of the rat were studied by intracellular recordings from in vitro slices. The resting membrane potential was -56.28 +/- 5.86 mV (mean value +/- S.D.); input resistance was 43.09 +/- 9.74 M omega; the time constant tau was 16.51 +/- 3.99 ms. At the resting membrane potential tonic firing is present, while at(More)
The effect of the protein kinase C (PKC) activator 1-oleoyl-2-acetyl-sn-glycerol (OAG) on TTX-sensitive Na+ currents in neocortical pyramidal neurones was evaluated using voltage-clamp and intracellular current-clamp recordings. In pyramid-shaped dissociated neurones, the addition of OAG to the superfusing medium consistently led to a 30% reduction in the(More)
In in vitro slices prepared from rat sensorimotor cortex, intracellular recordings were obtained from 107 layer V pyramidal neurons, subsequently injected with biocytin for morphological reconstruction. Of the 107 neurons, 59 (55.1%) were identified as adapting (45) or non-adapting (13) regular spiking neurons (RS), and 48 (44.9%) as intrinsically bursting(More)
The maturational profile of the firing characteristics of 217 layer V pyramidal neurons of rat sensorimotor cortex, injected with biocytin for morphological reconstruction, was analysed by means of intracellular recordings made between postnatal day (P)3 and 22. Starting from the onset of the second postnatal week, the pyramidal neurons could be(More)
One hundred and twenty-eight adult patients presenting with and operated on for supratentorial neoplasms were studied. Sixty-five had preoperative seizures and were treated with anti-epileptic drugs (AEDs). Among the 63 patients without preoperative epileptic fits, 41 were given AEDs (either phenobarbital or phenytoin) as prophylactic treatment and 22 were(More)
We studied changes in event-related desynchronization/synchronization (ERD/ERS) patterns in patients with Unverricht-Lundborg disease (ULD), presenting with prominent action myoclonus. We analyzed the movement-related ERD/ERS in alpha and beta frequency bands in 15 patients using self-paced finger extension as a motor paradigm and we compared the results(More)
The ionic mechanisms underlying the termination of action-potential (AP) bursts and postburst afterhyperpolarization (AHP) in intrinsically bursting (IB) neocortical neurons were investigated by performing intracellular recordings in thin slices of rat sensorimotor cortex. The blockade of Ca(2+)-activated K(+) currents enhanced postburst depolarizing(More)
In the context of focal and drug-resistant epilepsy, surgical resection of the epileptogenic zone may be the only therapeutic option for reducing or suppressing seizures. In many such patients, intracranial stereo-EEG recordings remain the gold standard for the epilepsy surgery work-up. Assessing the extent of the epileptogenic zone and its organisation is(More)
Myoclonus has different clinical and neurophysiological features in patients with Unverricht-Lundborg (ULD) and Lafora body disease (LBD), probably because of a different cortical hyperexcitability profile. To investigate the role of intracortical inhibition in such different presentations, we used paired-pulse transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) in ten(More)
OBJECTIVE Recent evidence mainly based on hemodynamic measures suggests that the impairment of functional connections between different brain areas may help to clarify the neuronal dysfunction occurring in patients with disorders of consciousness (DOC). The aim of this study was to evaluate effective EEG connectivity in a cohort of 18 patients in a chronic(More)