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BACKGROUND Over the last years, the mean age of subjects with HIV infection and AIDS is increasing. Moreover, some epidemiological and clinical differences between younger and older HIV-infected individuals have been observed. However, since introduction of HAART therapy, there are controversial results regarding their response to HAART. The aim of the(More)
BACKGROUND Despite many changes, no large studies comparing the different diagnostic tests for Helicobacter pylori have been performed in the past 10 years. In this time, monoclonal stool antigen immunoassays and in-office 13C-urea breath tests (UBTs) have appeared. The aim of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of invasive and noninvasive tests in a(More)
BACKGROUND Rickettsiatyphi is the etiological agent of murine typhus (MT), a disease transmitted by two cycles: rat-flea-rat, and peridomestic cycle. Murine typhus is often misdiagnosed and underreported. A correct diagnosis is important because MT can cause severe illness and death. Our previous seroprevalence results pointed to presence of human R. typhi(More)
The purpose of this paper was to prospectively characterize the clinical manifestations and outcomes of confirmed influenza A 2009 (H1N1) virus infection in immunosuppressed patients with hospital admission and compare them with those of a general population. A multicenter prospective cohort study was carried out. All adult patients admitted to 13 hospitals(More)
Mediterranean Spotted Fever (MSF), whose etiological agent is R. conorii, is one of the oldest described vector-borne infectious diseases. Although it is endemic in the Mediterranean area, clinical cases have also been reported in other regions. R. massiliae- Bar29 is related to MSF cases. This strain is distributed worldwide. R. conorii and R. massiliae-(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Histological and rapid urease tests to detect H. pylori in biopsy specimens obtained during peptic ulcer bleeding episodes (PUB) often produce false-negative results. We aimed to examine whether immunohistochemistry and real-time PCR can improve the sensitivity of these biopsies. PATIENTS AND METHODS We selected 52 histology-negative(More)
BACKGROUND Well-devised studies comparing new but different monoclonal fecal tests for diagnosing Helicobacter pylori infection are scarce. The objective of this study was to compare the diagnostic accuracy of 3 monoclonal stool tests: 2 rapid in-office tools-RAPID Hp StAR and ImmunoCard STAT! HpSA-and an enzyme immunoassay test-Amplified IDEIA Hp StAR-for(More)
BACKGROUND Numerous studies have shown that baseline drug resistance patterns may influence the outcome of antiretroviral therapy. Therefore, guidelines recommend drug resistance testing to guide the choice of initial regimen. In addition to optimizing individual patient management, these baseline resistance data enable transmitted drug resistance (TDR) to(More)
OBJECTIVES We aim to describe rates and risk factors of Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) diagnoses, follow-up HCV testing and HCV seroconversion from 2004-2011 in a cohort of HIV-positive persons in Spain. METHODS CoRIS is a multicentre, open and prospective cohort recruiting adult HIV-positive patients naïve to antiretroviral therapy. We analysed patients with at(More)
We have studied the diversity of B. henselae circulating in patients, reservoir hosts and vectors in Spain. In total, we have fully characterized 53 clinical samples from 46 patients, as well as 78 B. henselae isolates obtained from 35 cats from La Rioja and Catalonia (northeastern Spain), four positive cat blood samples from which no isolates were(More)