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BACKGROUND EUS-guided cholangiopancreatography (ESCP) allows transmural access to biliopancreatic ducts when ERCP fails. Data regarding technical details, safety, and outcomes of ESCP are still unknown. OBJECTIVE To evaluate outcomes of ESCP in community and referral centers at the initial development phase of this procedure, to identify the ESCP stages(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Malnutrition has received little attention in acute stroke, although it represents a risk of decreased immunity and nosocomial infections. Our objectives were to determine the prevalence of malnutrition after 1 week of hospitalization in acute stroke and to establish its relation to the stress response and neurological outcome. (More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Recent studies have reported an association between cytokine gene polymorphisms and GC risk. However, results are inconsistent among studies from different geographic regions and ethnic groups. Our goal was to evaluate the influence of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection and host genetic factors on GC susceptibility in a population(More)
Thirty-five severely malnourished cirrhotic patients were randomized to receive either enteral-tube feeding as the sole nutritional support (n = 16) or an isocaloric, isonitrogenous, low-sodium standard oral diet (n = 19). Both groups were homogeneous regarding age, sex distribution, etiology of liver cirrhosis, history of previous complications, clinical(More)
To ascertain the role of total enteral nutrition, compared with total parenteral nutrition, as adjunct therapy to steroids in patients with severe acute ulcerative colitis, a prospective randomized trial was conducted in 42 of such patients. Inclusion criteria were the persistence of a moderate or severe attack of the disease (Truelove's index) after 48 h(More)
OBJECTIVE Butyrate enemas may be effective in the treatment of active distal ulcerative colitis. Because colonic fermentation of Plantago ovata seeds (dietary fiber) yields butyrate, the aim of this study was to assess the efficacy and safety of Plantago ovata seeds as compared with mesalamine in maintaining remission in ulcerative colitis. METHODS An(More)
BACKGROUND Escherichia coli, particularly the adherent-invasive E. coli (AIEC) pathovar, has been increasingly implicated in the ethiopathogenesis of Crohn's disease (CD). We describe the richness, abundance, diversity, and pathogenic features of E. coli and AIEC strains that colonize the intestinal mucosa. METHODS Approximately 100 E. coli colonies per(More)
BACKGROUND Bacteria might play a role in the pathogenesis of Crohn's disease (CD), and patients harbor a different type and density of gut microbiota compared with normal healthy subjects. Thus, the aim of this study was to compare the microbiota adhered to the mucosa of CD patients with that of healthy subjects. METHODS Polymerase chain(More)