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Plasmids are key vectors of horizontal gene transfer and essential genetic engineering tools. They code for genes involved in many aspects of microbial biology, including detoxication, virulence, ecological interactions, and antibiotic resistance. While many studies have decorticated the mechanisms of mobility in model plasmids, the identification and(More)
Transmissible plasmids can be classified according to their mobilization ability, as being conjugative (self-transmissible) or mobilizable (transmissible only in the presence of additional conjugative functions). Naturally occurring mobilizable plasmids carry the genetic information necessary for relaxosome formation and processing, but lack the functions(More)
Bacterial conjugation is an efficient and sophisticated mechanism of DNA transfer among bacteria. While mobilizable plasmids only encode a minimal MOB machinery that allows them to be transported by other plasmids, conjugative plasmids encode a complete set of transfer genes (MOB1T4SS). The only essential ingredient of the MOB machinery is the relaxase, the(More)
The Tn3 family of transposable elements is probably the most successful group of mobile DNA elements in bacteria: there are many different but related members and they are widely distributed in gram-negative and gram-positive bacteria. The Tn21 subgroup of the Tn3 family contains closely related elements that provide most of the currently known variation in(More)
TrwB is the conjugative coupling protein of plasmid R388. TrwBDeltaN70 contains the soluble domain of TrwB. It was constructed by deletion of trwB sequences containing TrwB N-proximal transmembrane segments. Purified TrwBDeltaN70 protein bound tightly the fluorescent ATP analogue TNP-ATP (K(s) = 8.7 microM) but did not show measurable ATPase or GTPase(More)
A family of cloning vectors derived from plasmid pACYC184 and, therefore, compatible with pBR322 and its derivatives (especially the pUC family of vectors), is described. They all contain a multiple cloning site (MCS) and the lacZ alpha reporter gene for easy cloning. They have been grouped in three sets: (i) six of the vectors contain a(More)
The transfer of DNA across membranes and between cells is a central biological process; however, its molecular mechanism remains unknown. In prokaryotes, trans-membrane passage by bacterial conjugation, is the main route for horizontal gene transfer. It is the means for rapid acquisition of new genetic information, including antibiotic resistance by(More)
The region of the IncW plasmid R388 involved in conjugal DNA metabolism and mobilization (MOBw) has been analyzed by Tn5tac1 insertion mutagenesis, genetic complementation and DNA sequencing. Three genes (trwA, trwB and trwC) were mapped within MOBw. They are transcribed from the same strand and away from oriT. The predicted products of trwA, trwB and trwC(More)
Tge transposon Tn21 has been transposed from R100.1 to plasmid pACYC184 and, from the resulting recombinants, to plasmid R388. The sites of insertion and the orientation of the element in several pACYC184::Tn21 recombinants have been examined. Restriction enzyme analysis of these recombinants has resulted in a detailed map of Tn21; this is compared with the(More)