Fernando Silva

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Biodiversity continues to decline in the face of increasing anthropogenic pressures such as habitat destruction, exploitation, pollution and introduction of alien species. Existing global databases of species' threat status or population time series are dominated by charismatic species. The collation of datasets with broad taxonomic and biogeographic(More)
Eurysternus caribaeus was analyzed cytologically by conventional chromosomal staining. The species presents a diploid number of 2n=8, chromosomes with two arms and an XY sex determining mechanism. This is the first karyotype described for the genus Eurysternus and the tribe Eurysternini, and is also the smallest diploid number observed in the family(More)
A novel amperometric glucose sensor was developed based on the facilitated proton transfer across microinterfaces between two immiscible electrolyte solutions. The combination of a 1,3:2,4-dibenzylidene sorbitol/2-nitrophenyl octyl ether gel membrane and 3-(2-pyridyl)-5,6-diphenyl-1,2,4-triazine as the ionophore allows the transfer of protons from water to(More)
BACKGROUND The diagnosis of Parkinson's disease (PD) can sometimes be a challenge in the early stages of the disease. Both transcranial sonography (TCS) and DaTSCAN are recommended as auxiliary examinations for the differential diagnosis of PD; however, only few data exist regarding their diagnostic accuracy in the early stage of PD and essential tremor(More)
BACKGROUND The thyroid transcription factor-1 (TTF-1) is a tissue-specific transcription factor that could play an important role in cell differentiation and morphogenesis of lung tumors. Matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) is a protease commonly expressed in non-small cell lung cancer, conferring angiogenic and metastatic potential. METHODS We assessed(More)
We propose and evaluate a novel approach called Online Distributed NeuroEvolution of Augmenting Topologies (odNEAT). odNEAT is a completely distributed evolutionary algorithm for online learning in groups of embodied agents such as robots. While previous approaches to online distributed evolution of neural controllers have been limited to the optimisation(More)
INTRODUCTION The evaluation of hyperechogenicity of the substantia nigra (SN) by transcranial sonography (TCS) is validated for the diagnosis of Parkinson's disease (PD). However, its correlation with the severity of motor involvement is still uncertain. METHODS We included patients with clinical diagnosis of idiopathic PD in a cross-sectional study. All(More)
Online evolution gives robots the capacity to learn new tasks and to adapt to changing environmental conditions during task execution. Previous approaches to online evolution of neural controllers are typically limited to the optimisation of weights in networks with a prespecified, fixed topology. In this article, we propose a novel approach to online(More)
Several solutions have been proposed to provide authentication and safe encryption for Wifi networks in order to overcome the limitation of WEP based security. This document describes a solution based on IPSec VPNs with client and server certificates. The key advantages of this solution is its ability to provide roaming between institutions without having(More)
We propose and evaluate a novel approach to the online synthesis of neural controllers for autonomous robots. We combine online evolution of weights and network topology with neuromodulated learning. We demonstrate our method through a series of simulation-based experiments in which an e-puck-like robot must perform a dynamic concurrent foraging task. In(More)