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Cytokine stimulation of human DLD-1 cells resulted in a marked expression of nitric-oxide synthase (NOS) II mRNA and protein accompanied by only a moderate increase in transcriptional activity. Also, there was a basal transcription of the NOS II gene, which did not result in measurable NOS II expression. The 3'-untranslated region (3'-UTR) of the NOS II(More)
The expression of human inducible NO synthase (iNOS) is regulated both by transcriptional and post-transcriptional mechanisms. Stabilization of mRNAs often depends on activation of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38 MAPK). In human DLD-1 cells, inhibition of p38 MAPK by the compound(More)
The regulation of the synthesis of the endothelial-derived vasoconstrictor endothelin-1 (ET-1) is a complex process encompassing transcriptional as well as mRNA stability mechanisms. We have described recently the existence of a mechanism for the control of ET-1 expression based on the mRNA-destabilizing capacity of specific cytosolic proteins through(More)
Endothelin-1 (ET-1) is a 21-amino-acid potent vasoconstrictor peptide that is mainly produced by vascular endothelial cells. Expression of the ET-1 gene is subject to complex regulation by numerous factors, among which transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) is one of the most important. It has been widely documented that TGF-beta increases ET-1 mRNA and(More)
1. In human epithelial-like DLD-I cells, nitric oxide synthase (NOS) II expression was induced by interferon-gamma (100 u ml(-1)) alone and, to a larger extent, by a cytokine mixture (CM) consisting of interferon-gamma, interleukin-1beta (50 u ml(-1)) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (10 ng ml(-1)). 2. CM-induced NOS II expression was inhibited by tyrphostin(More)
1. Sodium nitroprusside, S-nitroso-N-acetyl-D,L-penicillamine, Spermine NONOate and DEA NONOate raised cyclic GMP levels in bovine chromaffin cells in a time and concentration dependent manner with different potencies, the most potent being DEA/NO with an EC50 value of 0.38 +/- 0.02 microM. 2. Measurements of NO released from these donors revealed that(More)
During peritoneal dialysis (PD), mesothelial cells undergo mesothelial-to-mesenchymal transition (MMT), a process associated with peritoneal-membrane dysfunction. Because TGF-β1 can induce MMT, we evaluated the efficacy of TGF-β1-blocking peptides in modulating MMT and ameliorating peritoneal damage in a mouse model of PD. Exposure of the peritoneum to PD(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) and cGMP may exert positive or negative effects on inducible NO synthase (iNOS) expression. We have explored the influence of the NO/cGMP pathway on iNOS levels in human mesangial cells. Inhibition of NOS activity during an 8-h stimulation with IL-1beta plus tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha reduced iNOS levels, while NO donors amplified(More)
Transforming growth factor β1 (TGF-β1) is a pleiotropic factor involved in the regulation of extracellular matrix (ECM) synthesis and remodeling. In search for novel genes mediating the action of TGF-β1 on vascular ECM, we identified the member of the lysyl oxidase family of matrix-remodeling enzymes, lysyl oxidase-like 4 (LOXL4), as a direct target of(More)
The soluble form of guanylyl cyclase (sGC) plays a pivotal role in the transduction of inter- and intracellular signals conveyed by nitric oxide. Here, a feedback inhibitory mechanism triggered by cyclic guanosine-3',5'-monophosphate (cGMP)-dependent protein kinase (PKG) activation is described. Preincubation of chromaffin cells with C-type natriuretic(More)