Fernando Rodríguez-Pascual

Learn More
Cytokine stimulation of human DLD-1 cells resulted in a marked expression of nitric-oxide synthase (NOS) II mRNA and protein accompanied by only a moderate increase in transcriptional activity. Also, there was a basal transcription of the NOS II gene, which did not result in measurable NOS II expression. The 3'-untranslated region (3'-UTR) of the NOS II(More)
The expression of human inducible NO synthase (iNOS) is regulated both by transcriptional and post-transcriptional mechanisms. Stabilization of mRNAs often depends on activation of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38 MAPK). In human DLD-1 cells, inhibition of p38 MAPK by the compound(More)
During peritoneal dialysis (PD), mesothelial cells undergo mesothelial-to-mesenchymal transition (MMT), a process associated with peritoneal-membrane dysfunction. Because TGF-β1 can induce MMT, we evaluated the efficacy of TGF-β1-blocking peptides in modulating MMT and ameliorating peritoneal damage in a mouse model of PD. Exposure of the peritoneum to PD(More)
The signal transduction mechanisms generating pathological fibrosis are almost wholly unknown. Endothelin-1 (ET-1), which is up-regulated during tissue repair and fibrosis, induces lung fibroblasts to produce and contract extracellular matrix. Lung fibroblasts isolated from scleroderma patients with chronic pulmonary fibrosis produce elevated levels of(More)
The regulation of the synthesis of the endothelial-derived vasoconstrictor endothelin-1 (ET-1) is a complex process encompassing transcriptional as well as mRNA stability mechanisms. We have described recently the existence of a mechanism for the control of ET-1 expression based on the mRNA-destabilizing capacity of specific cytosolic proteins through(More)
Endothelin-1 (ET-1) is a 21-amino-acid potent vasoconstrictor peptide that is mainly produced by vascular endothelial cells. Expression of the ET-1 gene is subject to complex regulation by numerous factors, among which transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) is one of the most important. It has been widely documented that TGF-beta increases ET-1 mRNA and(More)
OBJECTIVE To characterize the pathways induced by transforming growth factor beta1 (TGFbeta1) that lead to the expression of endothelin 1 (ET-1) in human dermal fibroblasts, and to study the effects of TGFbeta1 and ET-1 on the acquisition of a profibrotic phenotype and assess the contribution of the TGFbeta1/ET-1 axis to skin wound healing and fibrosis in(More)
In acute inflammation, the transcription factor NF-kappaB is activated and increases the expression of multiple pro-inflammatory genes. Agonists of peroxisome proliferator activated receptors (PPAR) have been reported to exert antiinflammatory effects in various systems. In keeping with such an antiinflammatory role, it was found that several PPAR agonists,(More)
In order to investigate the involvement of Ras and/or Rho proteins in the induction of the inducible isoform of nitric oxide synthase (NOS II) we used HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors (statins) and Clostridium difficile toxin B (TcdB) as pharmacological tools. Statins indirectly inhibit small G proteins by preventing their essential farnesylation (Ras) and/or(More)
OBJECTIVE Endothelial function depends on the equilibrium in the synthesis of vasoactive endothelial factors. It is well known that endothelin and nitric oxide (NO) exhibit reciprocal regulation. We assessed the ability of NO to regulate endothelin-converting enzyme-1 (ECE-1) expression in vascular endothelial cells. METHODS AND RESULTS Bovine aortic(More)