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Cytokine stimulation of human DLD-1 cells resulted in a marked expression of nitric-oxide synthase (NOS) II mRNA and protein accompanied by only a moderate increase in transcriptional activity. Also, there was a basal transcription of the NOS II gene, which did not result in measurable NOS II expression. The 3'-untranslated region (3'-UTR) of the NOS II(More)
The expression of human inducible NO synthase (iNOS) is regulated both by transcriptional and post-transcriptional mechanisms. Stabilization of mRNAs often depends on activation of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38 MAPK). In human DLD-1 cells, inhibition of p38 MAPK by the compound(More)
The regulation of the synthesis of the endothelial-derived vasoconstrictor endothelin-1 (ET-1) is a complex process encompassing transcriptional as well as mRNA stability mechanisms. We have described recently the existence of a mechanism for the control of ET-1 expression based on the mRNA-destabilizing capacity of specific cytosolic proteins through(More)
1. In human epithelial-like DLD-I cells, nitric oxide synthase (NOS) II expression was induced by interferon-gamma (100 u ml(-1)) alone and, to a larger extent, by a cytokine mixture (CM) consisting of interferon-gamma, interleukin-1beta (50 u ml(-1)) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (10 ng ml(-1)). 2. CM-induced NOS II expression was inhibited by tyrphostin(More)
1. Sodium nitroprusside, S-nitroso-N-acetyl-D,L-penicillamine, Spermine NONOate and DEA NONOate raised cyclic GMP levels in bovine chromaffin cells in a time and concentration dependent manner with different potencies, the most potent being DEA/NO with an EC50 value of 0.38 +/- 0.02 microM. 2. Measurements of NO released from these donors revealed that(More)
During peritoneal dialysis (PD), mesothelial cells undergo mesothelial-to-mesenchymal transition (MMT), a process associated with peritoneal-membrane dysfunction. Because TGF-β1 can induce MMT, we evaluated the efficacy of TGF-β1-blocking peptides in modulating MMT and ameliorating peritoneal damage in a mouse model of PD. Exposure of the peritoneum to PD(More)
OBJECTIVE Enhanced adhesive signaling, including activation of focal adhesion kinase (FAK), is a hallmark of fibroblasts from lung fibrosis patients, and FAK has therefore been hypothesized to be a key mediator of this disease. This study was undertaken to characterize the contribution of FAK to the development of pulmonary fibrosis both in vivo and in(More)
Endothelin-1 (ET-1) is a 21-amino-acid potent vasoconstrictor peptide that is mainly produced by vascular endothelial cells. Expression of the ET-1 gene is subject to complex regulation by numerous factors, among which transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) is one of the most important. It has been widely documented that TGF-beta increases ET-1 mRNA and(More)
Transforming growth factor β1 (TGF-β1) is a pleiotropic factor involved in the regulation of extracellular matrix (ECM) synthesis and remodeling. In search for novel genes mediating the action of TGF-β1 on vascular ECM, we identified the member of the lysyl oxidase family of matrix-remodeling enzymes, lysyl oxidase-like 4 (LOXL4), as a direct target of(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) and cGMP may exert positive or negative effects on inducible NO synthase (iNOS) expression. We have explored the influence of the NO/cGMP pathway on iNOS levels in human mesangial cells. Inhibition of NOS activity during an 8-h stimulation with IL-1beta plus tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha reduced iNOS levels, while NO donors amplified(More)