Fernando R Baraona

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BACKGROUND Sudden cardiac death (SCD) is one of the main causes of cardiac death. There are two main strategies to prevent it: managing cardiovascular risk factors and reducing the risk of ventricular arrhythmias. Implantable cardiac defibrillators (ICDs) constitute the standard therapy for both primary and secondary prevention; however, they are not widely(More)
Survival of patients with congenital heart defects has improved dramatically. Many will undergo interventional catheter or surgical procedures later in life. Others will develop atherosclerotic or post-surgical coronary heart disease. The coronary artery anatomy in patients with congenital heart disease differs substantially from that seen in the(More)
We report a 68 years old man, farmer from the metropolitan region, admitted with a Hantavirus Cardiopulmonary Syndrome. The diagnosis was made using serologic test and was later confirmed by the Public Health Institute. He evolved to an early multiple organ failure, requiring high concentrations of oxygen and invasive ventilatory assistance, vasopressor(More)
Congenital heart disease (CHD) is common in patients with Down syndrome (DS), and these patients are living longer lives. The aim of this study was to describe the epidemiology of hospitalizations in adults with DS and CHD in the United States. Hospitalizations from 1998 to 2009 for adults aged 18 to 64 years with and without DS with CHD diagnoses(More)
BACKGROUND Right atrium function and ventricular function have significant prognostic value in pulmonary arterial hypertension patients. Acute changes in right ventricular synchrony and right atrium function postiloprost inhalation have not been evaluated. METHODS Cross-sectional study. Consecutive pulmonary arterial hypertension patients (group I from(More)
OBJECTIVES To define whether adults with a Fontan circulation, who have lifelong venous congestion and limited cardiac output, have impaired glomerular filtration rate (GFR) or elevated urinary biomarkers of kidney injury. METHODS We measured circulating cystatin C and creatinine (n=70) and urinary creatinine, albumin, kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1),(More)
BACKGROUND Continuous infusion of short life vasodilators are employed to test reversibility of pulmonary hypertension in cardiac transplant candidates. Sublingual isosorbide administration has not been described in the literature and it might be a simpler alternative. AIM To evaluate sublingual isosorbide administration as a test of reversibility of(More)
Background. High aerobic capacity is associated with low cardiovascular (CV) risk. The aim of this study was to determine the CV RF burden in subjects with aerobic capacity ≥10 METs and compare it with those having <10 METs. Methods. Cross-sectional study in 2646 subjects (mean age 48 ± 12 years). Demographics, medical history, physical activity,(More)
It is unknown why heart failure progresses even when patients are treated with the best therapy available. Evidences suggest that heart failure progression is due to loss of neurohumoral blockade in advanced stages of the disease and to alterations in myocardial metabolism induced, in part, by this neurohumoral activation. Alterations in cardiac energy(More)
BACKGROUND Galectin-3 may play a role in cardiac and noncardiac fibrosis, and elevated circulating levels of this protein predict adverse outcomes in patients with heart failure who do not have congenital heart disease. We investigated galectin-3 in adults with single-ventricle Fontan circulation, patients who are prone to premature clinical deterioration(More)