Fernando Pinho

Learn More
This paper reports the development and application of a finite-volume based methodology for the calculation of the flow of fluids which follow differential viscoelastic constitutive models. The novelty of the method lies on the use of the non-staggered grid arrangement, in which all dependent variables are located at the center of the control volumes, thus(More)
We present an experimental investigation of viscoelastic fluid flow in a cross-slot microgeometry under low Reynolds number flow conditions. By using several viscoelastic fluids, we investigate the effects of the microchannel bounding walls and the polymer solution concentration on the flow patterns. We demonstrate that for concentrated polymer solutions,(More)
The numerical simulation of some non-Newtonian effects in wall and wall-free turbulent flows, such as drag reduction in pipe flows or the decrease in transverse normal Reynolds stresses, has been attempted in the past with a limited degree of success on the basis of modified wall functions applied to traditional turbulence models (k–o), rather than through(More)
The non-Newtonian properties of blood are of great importance since they are closely related with incident cardiovascular diseases. A good understanding of the hemodynamics through the main vessels of the human circulatory system is thus fundamental in the detection and especially in the treatment of these diseases. Very often such studies take place in(More)
Most of the environments where mobile robots are deployed offer a comprehensive networking infrastructure. In order to take part of these environments, mobile robots must enhance not only their communication capabilities, but also their interaction capabilities. Current robotic frameworks are oriented to gather data from the robotic sensors and to act on(More)
In this study, we show the importance of extensional rheology, in addition to the shear rheology, in the choice of blood analog solutions intended to be used in vitro for mimicking the microcirculatory system. For this purpose, we compare the flow of a Newtonian fluid and two well-established viscoelastic blood analog polymer solutions through microfluidic(More)
As mobile robots become part of large networked infrastructures, concerns about the integration of robots into distributed applications arise. Due to the predominance of the Web protocols, it is natural mobile robots to employ such protocols for interacting over the network with other applications. Information transfer protocols such as HTTP and SOAP allow(More)
This paper presents an analytical model that describes a two-fluid electro-osmotic flow of stratified fluids with Newtonian or viscoelastic rheological behavior. This is the principle of operation of an electro-osmotic two-fluid pump as proposed by Brask et al. [Tech. Proc. Nanotech., 1, 190-193, 2003], in which an electrically non-conducting fluid is(More)
This work presents a numerical technique for simulating incompressible, isothermal, viscoelastic flows of fluids governed by the upper-convected Maxwell (UCM) and K–BKZ (Kaye–Bernstein, Kearsley and Zapas) integral models. The numerical technique described herein is an extension of the GENSMAC method to the solution of the momentum and mass conservation(More)
In this work, we explore two methods to simultaneously measure the electroosmotic mobility in microchannels and the electrophoretic mobility of micron-sized tracer particles. The first method is based on imposing a pulsed electric field, which allows to isolate electrophoresis and electroosmosis at the startup and shutdown of the pulse, respectively. In the(More)