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OBJECTIVE To determine whether routine electroencephalography (EEG) detected electrical status epilepticus (ESE), masked by neuromuscular blockade, in comatose cardiac-arrest survivors receiving therapeutic hypothermia. DESIGN Prospective 3-year study. SETTING Medical ICU. PATIENTS Fifty-one consecutive comatose cardiac-arrest patients treated between(More)
Peripheral neuropathy is a rare, yet treatable manifestation of sarcoidosis, a multisystem disorder characterized by the presence of non-caseating granulomas that are seldom found in nerve biopsy specimens. In order to learn more about the subject, we reviewed our clinical and pathological findings in a series of 11 patients (six men and five women aged(More)
OBJECTIVE Few outcome data are available about posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES). We studied 90-day functional outcomes and their determinants in patients with severe PRES. DESIGN 70 patients with severe PRES admitted to 24 ICUs in 2001-2010 were included in a retrospective cohort study. The main outcome measure was a Glasgow Outcome(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Few and conflicting data exist on the case fatality rate in stroke patients with basilar artery dolichoectasia. We analyzed basilar artery characteristics (diameter, height of bifurcation, transverse position) and 5-year mortality (all-cause, nonstroke vascular, and stroke) in patients with brain infarction. METHODS The basilar(More)
BACKGROUND Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) rs429358 (ε4) and rs7412 (ε2), both invoking changes in the amino-acid sequence of the apolipoprotein E (APOE) gene, have previously been tested for association with multiple sclerosis (MS) risk. However, none of these studies was sufficiently powered to detect modest effect sizes at acceptable type-I error(More)
INTRODUCTION Cerebral small vessel disease (SVD) appears on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) as leukoaraiosis (LA), état criblé (EC), and multiple lacunar infarctions (MLI). Although the pathophysiology of SVD is poorly understood, there is evidence of a genetic contribution. We sought to analyze the influence of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system(More)
OBJECTIVE Our aim was to investigate the relationship of carotid structure and function with MRI markers of cerebral ischemic small-vessel disease. METHODS The study comprised 1,800 participants (aged 72.5 ± 4.1 years, 59.4% women) from the 3C-Dijon Study, a population-based, prospective cohort study, who had undergone quantitative brain MRI and carotid(More)
Two studies found that stroke patients with intracranial arterial dolichoectasia (IADE) had lacunar infarction more often than the control subjects. The relation between IADE and other manifestations of small-vessel disease (multilacunar state, leukoaraiosis, and état criblé) was not investigated. The magnetic resonance images of 510 patients with brain(More)
BACKGROUND Intracranial arterial dolichoectasia (IADE) is defined as an increase in length and diameter of the intracranial arteries and is present in 12% of stroke patients. The pathophysiology is unknown; some data suggest that IADE is not merely a complication of atherosclerosis, but a distinct arteriopathy characterized by loss of elastic tissue in the(More)
OBJECTIVE Intracranial arterial dolichoectasia (IADE), also called dilatative arteriopathy of the brain, is defined as an increase in length and diameter of intracranial arteries. Abdominal aortic aneurysm and ectasia of coronary arteries have been reported in association with IADE. In both conditions, a dysfunction of matrix metalloproteinases (MMP)-2, -3,(More)