Fernando Otaviano Campos

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The modeling of the electrical activity of the heart is of great medical and scientific interest, because it provides a way to get a better understanding of the related biophysical phenomena, allows the development of new techniques for diagnoses and serves as a platform for drug tests. The cardiac electrophysiology may be simulated by solving a partial(More)
AIMS Premature ventricular complexes (PVCs) due to spontaneous calcium (Ca) release (SCR) events at the cell level can precipitate ventricular arrhythmias. However, the mechanistic link between SCRs and PVC formation remains incompletely understood. The aim of this study was to investigate the conditions under which delayed afterdepolarizations resulting(More)
In experiments with cardiac tissue, local conduction is described by waveform analysis of the derivative of the extracellular potential Φ(e) and by the loop morphology of the near-field strength E (the components of the electric field parallel and very close to the tissue surface). The question arises whether the features of these signals can be used to(More)
The presence of connective tissue as well as interstitial clefts forms a natural barrier to the electrical propagation in the heart. At a microscopic scale, such uncoupling structures change the pattern of the electrical conduction from uniform towards complex and may play a role in the genesis of cardiac arrhythmias. The anatomical diversity of conduction(More)
Fibrosis is thought to play an important role in the formation and maintenance of atrial fibrillation (AF). The propensity of fibrosis to increase AF vulnerability depends not only on its amount, its texture plays a crucial role as well. While the detection of fibrotic tissue patches in the atria with extracellular recordings is feasible based on the(More)
Advanced medical imaging technologies provide a wealth of information on cardiac anatomy and structure at a paracellular resolution, allowing to identify microstructural discontinuities which disrupt the intracellular matrix. Current state-of-the-art computer models built upon such datasets account for increasingly finer anatomical details, however,(More)
Thin-walled cardiac tissue samples superfused with oxygenated solutions are widely used in experimental studies. However, due to decreased oxygen supply and insufficient wash out of waste products in the inner layers of such preparations, electrophysiological functions could be compromised. Although the cascade of events triggered by cutting off perfusion(More)
The modeling of the electrical activity of the heart is of great medical and scientific interest, as it provides a way to get a better understanding of the related biophysical phenomena, allows the development of new techniques for diagnoses and serves as a platform for drug tests. However, due to the multi-scale nature of the underlying processes, the(More)