Fernando Ochoa-Cortés

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This study examined whether bacterial cell products that might gain access to the intestinal interstitium could activate mouse colonic nociceptive dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons using molecular and electrophysiological recording techniques. Colonic projecting neurons were identified by using the retrograde tracer fast blue and Toll-like receptor (TLR)(More)
BACKGROUND The development of postinfectious-irritable bowel syndrome is associated with psychological stress but this relationship is poorly understood. The mouse Citrobacter rodentium model enhances the postinfectious excitability of colonic nociceptors, which can be further amplified by water-avoidance stress (WAS). This study tested whether concurrent(More)
We recorded whole-cell ion currents induced by gamma-aminobutyric acid (I(GABA)) and serotonin (I(5-HT)) to investigate and characterize putative interactions between GABA(A) and 5-HT(3) receptors in myenteric neurons from the guinea pig small intestine. I(GABA) and I(5-HT) were inhibited by bicuculline and ondansetron, respectively. Currents induced by the(More)
BACKGROUND Endogenous opioids are implicated in pain-regulation in chronic inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). We sought to examine whether endogenous opioids suppress the excitability of colonic nociceptive dorsal root ganglia (DRG) neurons during chronic IBD, and if so, whether modulation of underlying voltage-gated K(+) currents was involved. METHODS The(More)
The three most common Cys-loop receptors expressed by myenteric neurons are nACh, 5-HT3 and GABAA . To investigate the function of these proteins researchers have used channel inhibitors such as hexamethonium (antagonist of nACh receptors), ondansetron (antagonist of 5-HT3 receptors), picrotoxin and bicuculline (both antagonists of GABAA receptors). The aim(More)
BACKGROUND Stress hormones can signal to colonic dorsal root ganglia (DRG) neurons and may play a role in sustained hyperexcitability of nociceptors. METHODS Mouse DRG neurons were exposed overnight to epinephrine (Epi) 5 nM and/or corticosterone (Cort) 1 μM or prior water-avoidance stress. Patch clamp recordings, visceromotor reflexes (VMRs) and(More)
Capsaicin-sensitive nerves mediate axon vasodilator reflexes in the intestine, but the ion channels underlying action potential (AP) propagation are poorly understood. To examine the role of voltage-gated Na(+) channels underlying these reflexes, we measured vasomotor and electrophysiological responses elicited by capsaicin in guinea pig and mouse dorsal(More)
Here we characterized the cross-inhibitory interactions between nicotinic and P2X receptors of celiac neurons from the guinea pig by recording whole-cell currents induced by 1mM ACh (I(ACh)), 1mM ATP (I(ATP)) and by the simultaneous application of both agonists (I(ACh)(+ATP)). I(ACh) and I(ATP) were inhibited by hexamethonium (nicotinic channel blocker) and(More)
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