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BACKGROUND Endogenous opioids are implicated in pain-regulation in chronic inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). We sought to examine whether endogenous opioids suppress the excitability of colonic nociceptive dorsal root ganglia (DRG) neurons during chronic IBD, and if so, whether modulation of underlying voltage-gated K(+) currents was involved. METHODS The(More)
Capsaicin-sensitive nerves mediate axon vasodilator reflexes in the intestine, but the ion channels underlying action potential (AP) propagation are poorly understood. To examine the role of voltage-gated Na(+) channels underlying these reflexes, we measured vasomotor and electrophysiological responses elicited by capsaicin in guinea pig and mouse dorsal(More)
BACKGROUND The development of postinfectious-irritable bowel syndrome is associated with psychological stress but this relationship is poorly understood. The mouse Citrobacter rodentium model enhances the postinfectious excitability of colonic nociceptors, which can be further amplified by water-avoidance stress (WAS). This study tested whether concurrent(More)
This study examined whether bacterial cell products that might gain access to the intestinal interstitium could activate mouse colonic nociceptive dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons using molecular and electrophysiological recording techniques. Colonic projecting neurons were identified by using the retrograde tracer fast blue and Toll-like receptor (TLR)(More)
We recorded whole-cell ion currents induced by gamma-aminobutyric acid (I(GABA)) and serotonin (I(5-HT)) to investigate and characterize putative interactions between GABA(A) and 5-HT(3) receptors in myenteric neurons from the guinea pig small intestine. I(GABA) and I(5-HT) were inhibited by bicuculline and ondansetron, respectively. Currents induced by the(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS To investigate the peripheral sensory effects of repeated stress in patients with postinfectious irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), we tested whether stress following self-limiting bacterial colitis increases colonic dorsal root ganglia (DRG) nociceptive signaling. METHODS C57BL/6 mice were infected with Citrobacter rodentium. Stress was(More)
OBJECTIVES This study examined whether mediators from biopsies of human irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) colons alter intrinsic excitability of colonic nociceptive dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons by a protease activated receptor 2 (PAR2)-mediated mechanism. METHODS Colonic mucosal biopsies from IBS patients with constipation (IBS-C) or diarrhea (IBS-D)(More)
Cysteinyl leukotrienes (cysLTs: LTC₄, LTD₄, and LTE₄) are pro-inflammatory lipid molecules synthesized from arachidonic acid. They exert their actions on at least two cysLT receptors (CysLT₁R and CysLT₂R). Endothelial expression and activation of these receptors is linked to vasoactive responses and to the promotion of vascular permeability. Here we track(More)
The three most common Cys-loop receptors expressed by myenteric neurons are nACh, 5-HT3 and GABAA . To investigate the function of these proteins researchers have used channel inhibitors such as hexamethonium (antagonist of nACh receptors), ondansetron (antagonist of 5-HT3 receptors), picrotoxin and bicuculline (both antagonists of GABAA receptors). The aim(More)
BACKGROUND Stress hormones can signal to colonic dorsal root ganglia (DRG) neurons and may play a role in sustained hyperexcitability of nociceptors. METHODS Mouse DRG neurons were exposed overnight to epinephrine (Epi) 5 nM and/or corticosterone (Cort) 1 μM or prior water-avoidance stress. Patch clamp recordings, visceromotor reflexes (VMRs) and(More)