Fernando Moya

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Current models of chemotaxis during neuronal migration and axon guidance propose that directional sensing relies on growth cone dynamics. According to this view, migrating neurons and growing axons are guided to their correct targets by steering the growth cone in response to attractive and repulsive cues. Here, we have performed a detailed analysis of the(More)
Cord sera were obtained from 44 term, human infants exhibiting various patterns of intrauterine growth and were assayed for IGF-1, IGF-2, and IGFBP-1, 2, and 3 by specific RIAs. Serum levels were correlated with birth weight (BW), ponderal index (PI), and placental weight (PW). Total IGF-1 levels correlated significantly with BW (r = 0.392), PW (r = 0.351),(More)
OBJECTIVE Our goal was to relate postnatal dexamethasone therapy in extremely low birth weight infants (birth weight of < or = 1000 g) to their total and regional brain volumes, as measured by volumetric MRI performed at term-equivalent age. METHODS Among 53 extremely low birth weight infants discharged between June 1 and December 31, 2003, 41 had(More)
A retrospective evaluation was performed of the survival after conservative therapy of infants with persistent pulmonary hypertension who met the published criteria of Bartlett et al (Pediatrics. 1985;76:479-487) or Short et al (Clinics in Perinatology. 1987;14:737-748) for extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) therapy. An 80% to 90% mortality rate can(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the growth, tolerance, and safety of a new ultraconcentrated liquid human milk fortifier (LHMF) designed to provide optimal nutrients for preterm infants receiving human breast milk in a safe, nonpowder formulation. METHODS Preterm infants with a body weight ≤ 1250 g fed expressed and/or donor breast milk were randomized to receive(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Evidence suggests that synthetic surfactants consisting solely of phospholipids can be improved through the addition of peptides, such as sinapultide, that mimic the action of human surfactant protein-B (SP-B). A synthetic surfactant containing a mimic of SP-B may also reduce the potential risks associated with the use of(More)
OBJECTIVE Our purpose was to determine whether congenital diaphragmatic hernia is associated with abnormalities of fetal lung maturation. STUDY DESIGN We measured surfactant protein A and saturated phosphatidylcholine in amniotic fluid from 19 pregnancies with a prenatal diagnosis of congenital diaphragmatic hernia (gestational age 16 to 40 weeks) and 48(More)
BACKGROUND Congenital diaphragmatic hernia, although rare (1 per 2-4,000 births), is associated with high mortality and cost. Opinion regarding the timing of surgical repair has gradually shifted from emergent repair to a policy of stabilization using a variety of ventilatory strategies prior to operation. Whether delayed surgery is beneficial remains(More)
The special conformation of the developing nervous system, in which progenitor zones are largely confined to the lumen of the neural tube, places neuronal migration as one of the most fundamental processes in brain development. Previous studies have shown that different neuronal types adopt distinct morphological modes of migration in the developing brain,(More)
The mortality rate associated with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) varies widely between centers and remains relatively high despite widespread use of new therapeutic modalities. Many of these have been implemented without properly controlled studies. Over the past 10 to 15 years, only 9 randomized trials enrolling a total of approximately 250 infants(More)