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The mode of binding and the activity of the first two non-zinc chelating, potent, and selective inhibitors of human neutrophil collagenase are reported. The crystal structures of the catalytic domain of MMP-8, respectively complexed with each inhibitor, reveals that both ligands are deeply inserted into the primary specificity subsite S(1)', where they(More)
The phosphotryptophan derivative l-Pro-l-Leu-l-(P)Trp(OH)(2) (2b) was reported as the first example of left-hand-sideLeft-hand-side inhibitors: inhibitors that bind in the unprime region of the enzyme active site, in reference to the convention of drawing the unprimed residues of a peptide substrate on the left side. [R.P. Beckett et al., Drug Discov. Today(More)
The peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) are transcriptional regulators of glucose and lipid metabolism. They are activated by natural ligands, such as fatty acids, and are also targets of synthetic antidiabetic and hypolipidemic drugs. By using cell-based reporter assays, we studied the transactivation activity of two enantiomeric(More)
The conformational study of a new group of synthetic peptides containing 4-amino-1,2-dithiolane-4-carboxylic acid (Adt), a cysteine-related achiral residue, has been carried out through a joint application of computational and experimental methodologies. Molecular Dynamics simulations clearly suggest the tendency of this molecule to adopt a gamma-turn(More)
The alpha/beta3-mixed tripeptides R-CO-beta3-HMet-Leu-Phe-OMe (1a,b), R-CO-Met-beta3-HLeu-Phe-OMe (2a,b) and R-CO-Met-Leu-beta3-HPhe-OMe (3a,b) (a, R = tert-butyloxy-; b, R = H-), analogues of the potent chemoattractant For-Met-Leu-Phe-OMe, have been synthesized by classical solution methods and fully characterized. The activities of the new analogues as(More)
The new C alpha-tetrasubstituted alpha-amino acid residue 2-[2'-(methylthio)ethyl]methionine (Dmt) has been introduced into the reference chemotactic tripeptide HCO-Met-Leu-Phe-OMe (fMLP-OMe) in place of the leucine or methionine, respectively. The biological activity of the new analogues [Dmt2]fMLP-OMe (2) and [Dmt1]fMLP-OMe (3) has been determined;(More)
The tripeptide N-formyl-L-Met-L-Leu-L-Phe-OMe (FMLP-OMe) crystallizes in the orthorhombic system, space group P 2(1)2(1)2(1), with the following unit-cell parameters: a = 21.727, b = 21.836, c = 5.133 A, Z = 4. The structure has been solved and refined to a final R of 0.068 for 1838 independent reflexions with I greater than 2 omega (I). The peptide(More)
As a part of a research program aimed at studying structure activity relationship in the field of chemotactic peptides, modified analogs of the potent chemoattractant HCO-Met-Leu-Phe-OH (fMLP) of the general formula HCO-Xaa-Leu-Yaa-OMe are examined. 4-Aminotetrahydrothiopyran-4-carboxylic acid (Thp) and 2-aminoindane-2-carboxylic acid (Ain) have been chosen(More)
The taurine (Tau) containing N-protected pseudotripeptide isopropylamide Z-Tau-Pro-D-Phe-NHiPr (1) has been specifically designed and synthesized as suitable model to test the ability of the sulfonamido group to participate as H-bond acceptor to a type II beta-turn and to get information on the preferred rotameric conformation around the S-N bond and the(More)
In order to induce a beta-turn conformation into the chemotactic linear tripeptide N-formyl-L-methionyl-L-leucyl-L-phenylalanine (fMLP), the new analogue N-formyl-L-methionyl-delta Z leucyl-L-phenylalanine methyl ester [delta Z Leu]2fMLP-OMe (1) has been synthesized. The conformational and biochemical consequences of this chemical modification have been(More)