Fernando Mazza

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The peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) are transcriptional regulators of glucose and lipid metabolism. They are activated by natural ligands, such as fatty acids, and are also targets of synthetic antidiabetic and hypolipidemic drugs. By using cell-based reporter assays, we studied the transactivation activity of two enantiomeric(More)
The phosphotryptophan derivative l-Pro-l-Leu-l-(P)Trp(OH)(2) (2b) was reported as the first example of left-hand-sideLeft-hand-side inhibitors: inhibitors that bind in the unprime region of the enzyme active site, in reference to the convention of drawing the unprimed residues of a peptide substrate on the left side. [R.P. Beckett et al., Drug Discov. Today(More)
The dynamical aspects of the fully hydrated TEM-1 beta-lactamase have been determined by a 5 ns Molecular Dynamics simulation. Starting from the crystallographic coordinates, the protein shows a relaxation in water with an overall root mean square deviation from the crystal structure increasing up to 0.17 nm, within the first nanosecond. Then a plateau is(More)
The mode of binding and the activity of the first two non-zinc chelating, potent, and selective inhibitors of human neutrophil collagenase are reported. The crystal structures of the catalytic domain of MMP-8, respectively complexed with each inhibitor, reveals that both ligands are deeply inserted into the primary specificity subsite S(1)', where they(More)
A number of 1,3-dialkyl-8-(hetero)aryl-9-OH-9-deazaxanthines were prepared and evaluated as ligands of recombinant human adenosine receptors (hARs). Several 1,3-dipropyl derivatives endowed with nanomolar binding affinity at hA(2B) receptors, but poor selectivity over hA(2A), hA(1) and hA(3) AR subtypes were identified. A comparison with the corresponding(More)
The peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) are ligand-dependent transcription factors regulating glucose and lipid metabolism. The search for new PPAR ligands with reduced adverse effects with respect to the marketed antidiabetic agents thiazolidinediones (TZDs) and the dual-agonists glitazars is highly desired. We report the crystal structure(More)
The first crystallographic structure of an N-hydroxyurea inhibitor bound into the active site of a matrix metalloproteinase is reported. The ligand and three other analogues were prepared and studied as inhibitors of MMP-2, MMP-3, and MMP-8. The crystal structure of the complex with MMP-8 shows that the N-hydroxyurea, contrary to the analogous hydroxamate,(More)
Due to their relevant biological functions and specific chemical reactivity 1,2-dithiolanes (five-membered cyclic disulfides) represent an emerging class of heterocyclic compounds. However, despite the extensive research centered on lipoic acid and its analogues, only very few data are at the present available on peptides containing this ring system. We(More)
The conformational study of a new group of synthetic peptides containing 4-amino-1,2-dithiolane-4-carboxylic acid (Adt), a cysteine-related achiral residue, has been carried out through a joint application of computational and experimental methodologies. Molecular Dynamics simulations clearly suggest the tendency of this molecule to adopt a gamma-turn(More)
The alpha/beta3-mixed tripeptides R-CO-beta3-HMet-Leu-Phe-OMe (1a,b), R-CO-Met-beta3-HLeu-Phe-OMe (2a,b) and R-CO-Met-Leu-beta3-HPhe-OMe (3a,b) (a, R = tert-butyloxy-; b, R = H-), analogues of the potent chemoattractant For-Met-Leu-Phe-OMe, have been synthesized by classical solution methods and fully characterized. The activities of the new analogues as(More)