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The mode of binding and the activity of the first two non-zinc chelating, potent, and selective inhibitors of human neutrophil collagenase are reported. The crystal structures of the catalytic domain of MMP-8, respectively complexed with each inhibitor, reveals that both ligands are deeply inserted into the primary specificity subsite S(1)', where they(More)
The phosphotryptophan derivative l-Pro-l-Leu-l-(P)Trp(OH)(2) (2b) was reported as the first example of left-hand-sideLeft-hand-side inhibitors: inhibitors that bind in the unprime region of the enzyme active site, in reference to the convention of drawing the unprimed residues of a peptide substrate on the left side. [R.P. Beckett et al., Drug Discov. Today(More)
A number of 1,3-dialkyl-8-(hetero)aryl-9-OH-9-deazaxanthines were prepared and evaluated as ligands of recombinant human adenosine receptors (hARs). Several 1,3-dipropyl derivatives endowed with nanomolar binding affinity at hA(2B) receptors, but poor selectivity over hA(2A), hA(1) and hA(3) AR subtypes were identified. A comparison with the corresponding(More)
The first crystallographic structure of an N-hydroxyurea inhibitor bound into the active site of a matrix metalloproteinase is reported. The ligand and three other analogues were prepared and studied as inhibitors of MMP-2, MMP-3, and MMP-8. The crystal structure of the complex with MMP-8 shows that the N-hydroxyurea, contrary to the analogous hydroxamate,(More)
Potent and selective inhibitors of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), a family of zinc proteases that can degrade all the components of the extracellular matrix, could be useful for treatment of diseases such as cancer and arthritis. The most potent MMP inhibitors are based on hydroxamate as zinc-binding group (ZBG). alpha-Arylsulfonylamino phosphonates(More)
Three novel peptidomimetic phosphinate inhibitors have been synthesized and evaluated as inhibitors of matrix metalloproteinases MMP-2 and MMP-8. Their IC50 values are in the micromolar range, and one of them showed to be the most effective inhibitor of MMP-2. The differences in binding affinities for MMP-2 and MMP-8 of the three phosphinates have been(More)
(R)-alpha-Biphenylsulfonylamino 2-methylpropyl phosphonates attain nM potency against several MMPs and are the most effective inhibitors based on phosphonate as zinc binding group. Since their preparation by direct N-acylation of expensive, enantiopure, alpha-aminophosphonic acids proceeds in low yields, we devised and evaluated a stereoselective and(More)
The peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) are transcriptional regulators of glucose and lipid metabolism. They are activated by natural ligands, such as fatty acids, and are also targets of synthetic antidiabetic and hypolipidemic drugs. By using cell-based reporter assays, we studied the transactivation activity of two enantiomeric(More)
The peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) are ligand-dependent transcription factors regulating glucose and lipid metabolism. The search for new PPAR ligands with reduced adverse effects with respect to the marketed antidiabetic agents thiazolidinediones (TZDs) and the dual-agonists glitazars is highly desired. We report the crystal structure(More)
Molecular dynamics simulations were performed on two ureidofibrate-like enantiomers to gain insight into their different potency and efficacy against PPARgamma. The partial agonism of the S enantiomer seems to be due to its capability to stabilize different regions of the receptor allowing the interaction with both coactivators and corepressors as shown by(More)