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The amino acid homocysteine is of considerable medical importance because it is involved in the etiopathogeny of cardiovascular diseases. Hyperhomocysteinemia is a factor in the vascular damage that predisposes thrombogenesis and arteriosclerosis. It has also been related to a range of obstetric and gynecologic complications. Numerous studies have(More)
OBJECTIVE Liver fibrosis is associated with significant collagen-I deposition largely produced by activated hepatic stellate cells (HSCs); yet, the link between hepatocyte damage and the HSC profibrogenic response remains unclear. Here we show significant induction of osteopontin (OPN) and high-mobility group box-1 (HMGB1) in liver fibrosis. Since OPN was(More)
There are few in vivo studies which have investigated the modulation of central postsynaptic alpha2-adrenoceptors functionality provoked by stress. We assessed in the rat the effects of either single or repeated tail pinch on clonidine-induced inhibition of the jaw-opening reflex (JOR) via activation of postsynaptic central alpha2-adrenoceptors. At the end(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Liver fibrosis is characterized by significant accumulation of extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins, mainly fibrillar collagen-I, as a result of persistent liver injury. Cartilage oligomeric matrix protein (COMP) is largely found in the ECM of skeletal tissue. Increased COMP expression has been associated with fibrogenesis in systemic(More)
Alcoholic liver disease (ALD) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. It ranges from fatty liver to steatohepatitis, fibrosis, cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma.The most prevalent forms of ALD are alcoholic fatty liver, alcoholic hepatitis (AH) and alcoholic cirrhosis, which frequently progress as people continue drinking. ALD refers(More)
The evolution of chronic liver injuries from benign and manageable dysfunction to life threatening end-stage liver disease with severe complications renders chronic liver disease a global health burden. Because of the lack of effective medication, transplantation remains the only and final curative option for end-stage liver disease. Since the demand for(More)
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