Fernando Larrea

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Extensive epidemiological and experimental evidence indicates that a sub-optimal environment during fetal and neonatal development in both humans and animals may programme offspring susceptibility to later development of chronic diseases including obesity and diabetes that are the result of altered carbohydrate metabolism. We determined the effects of(More)
Estrogens control transcriptional responses through binding to two different nuclear receptors, estrogen receptor alpha (ERalpha) and beta (ERbeta). Since these two ER subtypes are thought to mediate different biological effects, there is intense interest in designing subtype-selective ER ligands. In this study, we evaluated the ERalpha and ERbeta(More)
Objectives: Obesity, hypertension and diabetes are closely associated with endometrial cancer (EC). This study evaluates the relationship between diabetes and risk of EC on the basis of obesity. Methods: A case–control study was carried out in Mexico City from 1995 to 1997. Eighty-five histologically confirmed cases were compared with 668 population-based(More)
The initial interaction between gametes takes place at the level of the sperm surface and the zona pellucida (ZP), the extracellular matrix of the egg in mammals. Successful fertilization requires the proper molecular recognition of the ZP by the sperm. Recently, human ZP was demonstrated to be composed of four proteins: ZP1, ZP2, ZP3, and ZP4. The goals of(More)
Compelling epidemiological and experimental evidence indicates that a suboptimal environment during fetal and neonatal development in both humans and animals may programme offspring susceptibility to later development of several chronic diseases including obesity and diabetes in which altered carbohydrate metabolism plays a central role. One of the most(More)
Recent studies demonstrate long-term programming of function of specific organ systems resulting from suboptimal environments during fetal life and development up to weaning. Nutrient restriction during pregnancy and lactation impairs overall fetal growth and development. We determined the effects of maternal protein restriction (MPR; 50% normal protein(More)
The alkyl esters of p-hydroxybenzoic acid known as parabens (Pbens) are used as preservatives in food, pharmaceutical and cosmetic formulations. They have been reported as estrogenic. Here, we present evidence for the in vivo and in vitro bioactivities and receptor binding affinities of methylparaben (MePben), ethylparaben (EtPben), propylparaben (PrPben),(More)
Background:Maternal obesity (MO) impairs maternal and offspring health. Mechanisms and interventions to prevent adverse maternal and offspring outcomes need to be determined. Human studies are confounded by socio-economic status providing the rationale for controlled animal data on effects of maternal exercise (MEx) intervention on maternal (F0) and(More)
The androgen insensitivity syndrome (AIS) is an X-linked form of male pseudohermaphroditism caused by mutations in the androgen receptor (AR) gene. In the present study, we analyzed the AR gene in 8 patients, 4 sporadic and 2 familial cases with the syndrome, using exon-specific polymerase chain reaction, single-stranded conformational polymorphism and(More)
Insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) stimulates renal and placental 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D [1,25-(OH)2D] and is considered an important regulator of fetal growth. As 1,25-(OH)2D and birth weight are low in preeclampsia, this study was undertaken to determine whether circulating levels of IGF-I were associated with serum 1,25-(OH)2D concentrations in(More)