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Transforming growth factor beta (TGF beta) signals through a heteromeric protein kinase receptor that has a limited ability to bind ligand. This limitation is overcome by the action of betaglycan (TGF beta type III receptor), a separate TGF beta-binding membrane protein of previously unknown function. Betaglycan presents TGF beta directly to the kinase(More)
We describe the primary structure of rat betaglycan, a polymorphic membrane-anchored proteoglycan with high affinity for transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta). As deduced from its cDNA sequence, the 853 amino acid core protein of betaglycan has an extracellular domain with clustered sites for potential attachment of glycosaminoglycan chains. These(More)
Betaglycan, also known as the TGF-beta type III receptor, is a membrane-anchored proteoglycan that presents TGF-beta to the type II signaling receptor, a transmembrane serine/threonine kinase. The betaglycan extracellular region, which can be shed by cells into the medium, contains a NH2-terminal domain related to endoglin and a COOH-terminal domain related(More)
Acetyl-CoA carboxylase, the rate-limiting enzyme in the biogenesis of long-chain fatty acids, is regulated by phosphorylation and dephosphorylation. The major phosphorylation sites that affect carboxylase activity and the specific protein kinases responsible for phosphorylation of different sites have been identified. A form of acetyl-CoA carboxylase that(More)
Betaglycan is an accessory receptor of members of the transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) superfamily, which regulates their actions through ligand-dependent interactions with type II receptors. A natural soluble form of betaglycan is found in serum and extracellular matrices. Soluble betaglycan, prepared as a recombinant protein using the(More)
We have demonstrated previously that ectopic expression of a soluble betaglycan, also known as transforming growth factor (TGF) beta type III receptor, can suppress the malignant properties of human carcinoma cells by antagonizing the tumor-promoting activity of TGF-beta (A. Bandyopadhyay et al., Cancer Res., 59: 5041-5046, 1999). In the current study, we(More)
The metalloproteinase BMP-1 (bone morphogenetic protein-1) plays a major role in the control of extracellular matrix (ECM) assembly and growth factor activation. Most of the growth factors activated by BMP-1 are members of the TGF-β superfamily known to regulate multiple biological processes including embryonic development, wound healing, inflammation and(More)
TGF-β type III receptor (TβRIII) is a coreceptor for TGFβ family members required for high-affinity binding of these ligands to their receptors, potentiating their cellular functions. TGF-β [1]-[3], bone morphogenetic proteins (BMP2/4) and inhibins regulate different checkpoints during T cell differentiation. Although TβRIII is expressed on hematopoietic(More)
Vasoinhibins, a family of antiangiogenic peptides derived from prolactin proteolysis, inhibit the vascular effects of several proangiogenic factors, including bradykinin (BK). Here, we report that vasoinhibins block the BK-induced proliferation of bovine umbilical vein endothelial cells. This effect is mediated by the inactivation of endothelial nitric(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM As a pleiotropic protein, transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta induces its effects by binding to its Ser/Thr kinase receptor type II and then recruiting and activating receptor type I, which is phosphorylated and activates Smads that transduce the signal to the nucleus. METHODS In this work, the authors blocked TGF-beta1 signal(More)
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