Fernando Kasanetz

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Neurons in the basal ganglia output nuclei display rhythmic burst firing after chronic nigrostriatal lesions. The thalamocortical network is a strong endogenous generator of oscillatory activity, and the striatum receives a massive projection from the cerebral cortex. Actually, the membrane potential of striatal projection neurons displays periodic shifts(More)
A high proportion of neurons in the basal ganglia display rhythmic burst firing after chronic nigrostriatal lesions. For instance, the periodic bursts exhibited by certain striatal and subthalamic nucleus neurons in 6-hydroxydopamine-lesioned rats seem to be driven by the approximately 1 Hz high-amplitude rhythm that is prevalent in the cerebral cortex of(More)
In anaesthetised animals, the very negative resting membrane potential of striatal spiny neurones (down state) is interrupted periodically by depolarising plateaux (up states) which are probably driven by excitatory input. In the absence of active synaptic input, as occurs in vitro, potassium currents hold the membrane potential of striatal spiny neurones(More)
Single unit recordings performed in animal models of Parkinson's disease revealed that output nuclei neurons display modifications in firing pattern and firing rate, which are supposed to give rise to the clinical manifestations of the illness. We examined the activity pattern of single units from the substantia nigra pars reticulata, the main output nuclei(More)
1. The striatum is part of a multisynaptic loop involved in translating higher order cognitive activity into action. The main striatal computational unit is the medium spiny neuron, which integrates inputs arriving from widely distributed cortical neurons and provides the sole striatal output. 2. The membrane potential of medium spiny neurons' displays(More)
Coordinated near-threshold depolarized states in cortical and striatal neurons may contribute to form functionally segregated channels of information processing. Recent anatomical studies have identified pathways that could support spiraling interactions across corticostriatal channels, but a functional outcome of such spiraling remains to be identified.(More)
In vivo, cortical neurons and striatal medium spiny neurons (MSN) display robust subthreshold depolarizations (Up states) during which they are enabled to fire action potentials. In the cortex, Up states are believed to occur simultaneously in a neuronal ensemble and to be sustained by local network interactions. It is known that MSN are impelled into the(More)
Up states are a hallmark of striatal physiology. Spontaneous activity in the thalamo-cortical network drives robust plateau depolarizations in the medium spiny projection neurons of the striatum. Medium spiny neuron firing is only possible during up states and is very tightly regulated by dopamine and NMDA receptors. In a rat model of Parkinson's disease(More)
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