Fernando J. Álvarez

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—This paper presents a reflector recognition and local-ization technique in three-dimensional (3-D) environments, using only times-of-flight (TOFs) data obtained from ultrasonic transducers. The recognition and localization technique is based on the principal component analysis applied to the TOF vectors originating from a sensor that contains two emitting(More)
Complementary sequences are being employed to improve the results obtained in many sensorial systems where it is necessary to enhance the signal to noise ratio imposed by the environment. This improvement is achieved at the expense of increasing the computational complexity of the signal processing tasks. This work presents the hardware implementation of an(More)
The aim of this work is to propose an alternative way for wine classification and prediction based on an electronic nose (e-nose) combined with Independent Component Analysis (ICA) as a dimensionality reduction technique, Partial Least Squares (PLS) to predict sensorial descriptors and Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs) for classification purpose. A total of(More)
This paper raises the design of an ultrasonic array for obstacle detection based on Phased Array (PA) techniques, which steers the acoustic beam through the environment by electronics rather than mechanical means. The transmission of every element in the array has been encoded, according to Code Division for Multiple Access (CDMA), which allows multiple(More)
The great variability usually found in underwater media makes modeling a challenging task, but helpful for better understanding or predicting the performance of future deployed systems. In this work, an underwater acoustic propagation model is presented. This model obtains the multipath structure by means of the ray tracing technique. Using this model, the(More)
This work analyses the effect of the receiver movement on the detection by pulse compression of different families of codes characterizing the emissions of an ultrasonic local positioning system. Three families of codes have been compared: Kasami, Complementary Sets of Sequences and Loosely Synchronous, considering in all cases three different lengths close(More)
An advanced adaptive sonar module is described, capable of being configured to different circumstances and distances according to reflectors found in the environment. Thanks to the sensory distribution, it is possible to identify three basic types of reflector (planes, edges and corners). Furthermore, a heuristic map of the environment is built. The(More)