Fernando González-Candelas

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Simple sequence repeats (SSRs), also known as microsatellites, are highly variable DNA sequences that can be used as markers for the genetic analysis of plants. Three approaches were followed for the development of PCR primers for the amplification of DNA fragments containing SSRs from sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench]: a search for sorghum SSRs in(More)
Bacterial symbioses are widespread among insects, probably being one of the key factors of their evolutionary success. We present the complete genome sequence of Blochmannia floridanus, the primary endosymbiont of carpenter ants. Although these ants feed on a complex diet, this symbiosis very likely has a nutritional basis: Blochmannia is able to supply(More)
This report evaluates the June 2008 onychomadesis outbreak in Valencia, Spain. The study sample consisted of 221 onychomadesis cases and 77 nonaffected individuals who lived close to those affected. We collected data on dietary variables, hygiene products, and individual pathological histories. Feces and blood specimens were collected from 44 cases and 24(More)
RNA viruses have become an important area of study for epidemiologists and evolutionary biologists alike. Much of this research is centred on two main themes; understanding the mechanisms of RNA virus evolution, often through experimental analyses, and reconstruction of the epidemiological history of a given virus, namely its origin and spread through(More)
We have analyzed the evolution of the three genes encoding structural enzymes of the arginine deiminase (ADI) pathway, arginine deiminase (ADI), ornithine transcarbamoylase (OTC), and carbamate kinase (CK) in a wide range of organisms, including Archaea, Bacteria, and Eukarya. This catabolic route was probably present in the last common ancestor to all the(More)
PII-disintegrins, cysteine-rich polypeptides broadly distributed in the venoms of geographically diverse species of vipers and rattlesnakes, antagonize the adhesive functions of beta(1) and beta(3) integrin receptors. PII-disintegrins evolved in Viperidae by neofunctionalization of disintegrin-like domains of duplicated PIII-snake venom hemorrhagic(More)
BACKGROUND It has been accepted that the infection by Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M. tuberculosis) can be more heterogeneous than considered. The emergence of clonal variants caused by microevolution events leading to population heterogeneity is a phenomenon largely unexplored. Until now, we could only superficially analyze this phenomenon by standard(More)
Their extremely error-prone replication makes RNA viruses targets for lethal mutagenesis. In the case of hepatitis C virus (HCV), the standard treatment includes ribavirin, a base analog with an in vitro mutagenic effect, but the in vivo mode of action of ribavirin remains poorly understood. Here, we test the mutagenic effects of ribavirin plus interferon(More)
Hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD), a common disease caused by enteroviruses (EVs), usually affects children. Clustered and sporadic HFMD cases, followed by onychomadesis (nail shedding), occurred during summer and fall 2008 in Valencia, Spain. Fecal samples from onychomadesis patients, who did or did not have previous HFMD, and from healthy children(More)
BACKGROUND Several inhibitors for the hepatitis C virus (HCV) NS3/4A protease are under development. Although previous studies identified viral resistance mutations, there is little information on the natural variability of proteases from the different viral subtypes. Here, we aimed to determine both the natural variability and presence of resistance or(More)