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The development of neural tissue starts with the activation of early neural genes such as the SoxB1 transcription factors, which are expressed in response to signaling molecules. Neural progenitors in the inner ear are only generated in the anterior placodal domain, but the mechanisms that determine when and how otic neural fate is acquired are still(More)
Myc family members play crucial roles in regulating cell proliferation, size, and differentiation during organogenesis. Both N-myc and c-myc are expressed throughout inner ear development. To address their function in the mouse inner ear, we generated mice with conditional deletions in either N-myc or c-myc. Loss of c-myc in the inner ear causes no apparent(More)
Hair cells of the inner ear sensory organs originate from progenitor cells located at specific domains of the otic vesicle: the prosensory patches. Notch signalling is necessary for sensory development and loss of function of the Notch ligand jagged 1 (Jag1, also known as serrate 1) results in impaired sensory organs. However, the underlying mechanism of(More)
The inner ear is a complex sensory organ responsible for balance and sound detection in vertebrates. It originates from a transient embryonic structure, the otic vesicle, that contains all of the information to develop autonomously into the mature inner ear. We review here the development of the otic vesicle, bringing together classical embryological(More)
Otic neuronal precursors are the first cells to be specified and do so in the anterior domain of the otic placode, the proneural domain. In the present study, we have explored the early events of otic proneural regionalization in relation to the activity of the Notch signaling pathway. The proneural domain was characterized by the expression of Sox3, Fgf10(More)
The cochleo-vestibular ganglion (CVG) contains the neurons connecting the sensory epithelia of the inner ear to the cochlear and vestibular nuclei in the medulla. Expression of trkB protein-like immunoreactivity was studied in the developing CVG, using both Western blot and immunocytochemistry on tissue sections. Specific immunoreactivity was observed in(More)
Calcium entry through voltage-dependent channels play a critical role in neuronal development. Using patch-clamp techniques we have identified the components of the macroscopic Ca2+ current in acutely-isolated chick cochlear ganglion neurons and analysed their functional expression throughout embryonic development. With Ba2+ as a charge carrier, the(More)
The present report investigates the cellular mechanisms involved in the regulation of cell proliferation by insulin and insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) in the developing inner ear. The results show that insulin and IGF-I stimulate cell proliferation in the otic vesicle. This effect is associated with the induction of the expression of the nuclear(More)
Bone morphogenetic proteins (Bmps) regulate the expression of the proneural gene Atoh1 and the generation of hair cells in the developing inner ear. The present work explored the role of Inhibitor of Differentiation genes (Id1-3) in this process. The results show that Id genes are expressed in the prosensory domains of the otic vesicle, along with Bmp4 and(More)
One of the greatest challenges in the treatment of inner ear disorders is to find a cure for the hearing loss caused by the loss of cochlear hair cells or spiral ganglion neurons. The recent discovery of stem cells in the adult inner ear that are capable of differentiating into hair cells, as well as the finding that embryonic stem cells can be converted(More)