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Xylella fastidiosa is a fastidious, xylem-limited bacterium that causes a range of economically important plant diseases. Here we report the complete genome sequence of X. fastidiosa clone 9a5c, which causes citrus variegated chlorosis--a serious disease of orange trees. The genome comprises a 52.7% GC-rich 2,679,305-base-pair (bp) circular chromosome and(More)
Theoretical considerations predict that amplification of expressed gene transcripts by reverse transcription-PCR using arbitrarily chosen primers will result in the preferential amplification of the central portion of the transcript. Systematic, high-throughput sequencing of such products would result in an expressed sequence tag (EST) database consisting(More)
Spectrin, an important component of the mammalian erythrocyte membrane skeleton, is a heterodimeric protein with alpha and beta subunits of 280 and 246 kDa, respectively. Spectrin-like proteins have also been demonstrated in a wide variety of nonerythroid cells. To examine the hypothesis that nonerythroid beta spectrins may be encoded by the "erythroid"(More)
Open reading frame expressed sequences tags (ORESTES) differ from conventional ESTs by providing sequence data from the central protein coding portion of transcripts. We generated a total of 696,745 ORESTES sequences from 24 human tissues and used a subset of the data that correspond to a set of 15,095 full-length mRNAs as a means of assessing the(More)
The prothrombin gene variant resulting form a G-->A transition at position 20210 has been described as a common genetic risk factor for venous thrombosis. However, the risk for developing arterial disease is unknown. In this investigation, we studied 116 patients with venous thrombosis and 71 with arterial disease, all of whom were compared with 295(More)
Environmental related diseases due to occupational carcinogens and toxic substances are a serious problem particularly in developing countries. The glutathione S-transferase system is fundamental for the detoxification of numerous carcinogens and mutagens. The individual inherited susceptibility to chemical carcinogenesis due to glutathione S-transferase mu(More)
We analyzed the frequency of the C282Y and H63D mutations in the HFE gene in 227 individuals from Brazil comprising 71 Caucasians, 91 racially mixed Caucasian African-derived Amerindians (both populations from Southeast Brazil), 85 African-derived subjects (from Northeast Brazil) and 75 Parakanã Indians. Allelic frequency of the mutation C. 845G(A (C282Y)(More)
Human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8) seroprevalences were determined in two isolated Amazon Amerindian tribes, according to age, gender and familial aggregation. Plasma and serum samples obtained from 982 Amazon Amerindians (664 Tiriyó and 318 Waiampi) were tested for antibodies against lytic and latent HHV-8 antigens by using 'in-house' immunofluorescence assays.(More)
Screening for digestive glycosidases in different parts of the gut and associated organs of Lutzomyia longipalpis is reported. Searches for the enzymes were made in blood-fed and non-blood-fed females and the enzymes were characterized as soluble or membrane-bound molecules. A total of four different activities were detected, corresponding to the following(More)