Fernando Fernandez-Llimos

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OBJECTIVE Our aim was to estimate the prevalence of medicine-related problems, understood as negative clinical outcomes, that result in hospital emergency department (ED) visits and to establish relationships among risk factors and the appearance of pharmacotherapy negative outcomes. METHODS Methods A stratified two-stage probabilistic sampling approach(More)
Information about dosing adjustments in patients with chronic kidney disease is important to avoid toxicity for several medicines. The aim of our study was to assess the clinical relevance of the instructions for dose adjustment in patients with renal impairment provided in the Summaries of Product Characteristics (SmPCs) approved by the European Medicines(More)
1 Since 1990, the question 'What is pharmaceutical care' was usually answered with Hepler and Strand's definition: ''Pharmaceutical care is the responsible provision of drug therapy for the purpose of achieving definite outcomes that improve a patient's quality of life''. 1 Nonetheless, already since 1990 some debate existed about different elements in this(More)
Beyond the commonly mentioned limitations of the Journal Impact Factor, we discuss the obsolete principle of selecting journals to create a fake-representative sample of 'journals that matter' and the opacity around the calculation and listing of Impact Factors. We use the example of Pharmacy Practice: in 2015 for illustration. We hypothesize that a(More)
* " An old tradition and a new technology have converged to make possible an unprecedented public good. The old tradition is the willingness of scientists and scholars to publish the fruits of their research in scholarly journals without payment, for the sake of inquiry and knowledge. The new technology is the internet. The public good they make possible is(More)
BACKGROUND In 1999, the Pharmacists Association of Gipuzkoa, a Spanish province with a population of 700,000, initiated a campaign to reduce the common practice in community pharmacies of dispensing antibiotics without prescription. OBJECTIVE The study was designed to assess the ongoing effectiveness of this program in reducing nonprescription dispensing(More)
BACKGROUND Implementation science and knowledge translation have developed across multiple disciplines with the common aim of bringing innovations to practice. Numerous implementation frameworks, models, and theories have been developed to target a diverse array of innovations. As such, it is plausible that not all frameworks include the full range of(More)
Objective:We aimed to gather evidence of the discontinuation rates owing to adverse events or treatment failure for four recently approved antipsychotics (asenapine, blonanserin, iloperidone, and lurasidone).Methods: A systematic review followed by pairwise meta-analysis and mixed treatment comparison meta analysis(MTC) was performed, including randomized(More)
Portugal has an uneven, city-centered bias in the distribution of hemodialysis centers found to contribute to health care inequities. A model has been developed with the aim of minimizing access inequity through the identification of the best possible localization of new hemodialysis facilities. The model was designed under the assumption that individuals(More)