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Objective To identify and prioritise facilitators for practice change in Spanish community pharmacy. Setting Spanish community pharmacies. Method Qualitative study. Thirty-three semi-structured interviews were conducted with community pharmacists (n = 15) and pharmacy strategists (n = 18), and the results were examined using the content analysis method. In(More)
BACKGROUND The complexity of pharmacotherapy is a result of a multiplicity of prescribed regimen factors, including the number of different drugs in the regimen, the number of dosage units per dose, the total number of prescribed doses per day and administration instructions. The Medication Regimen Complexity Index (MRCI) is a specific, reliable and valid(More)
OBJECTIVE To review the current status of Spanish community pharmacy, both in practice and research terms, and analyze its future trends. FINDINGS Spain has a social security system where all citizens receive health care, social services, and pensions. All medical care and surgery are free for citizens; however, community pharmacies in Spain are privately(More)
Objective The aim of this research was to assess the effects of a series of four training courses comprised of 13 synchronous videoconferences on the implementation of cognitive services in Spanish community pharmacies. Setting A phone survey to continuing training course attendants. Methods A random sample of 225 pharmacists registered in a 2004(More)
To assess customers’ expectations and satisfaction with a community pharmacy which does not provide advanced professional cognitive services (APCS). Method: A non-validated questionnaire was designed; the questionnaire included items on expectations with pharmacy services and on satisfaction with the existing services. An independent interviewer was(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with chronic kidney disease have multiple comorbidities and require complicated therapeutic regimens. The role of pharmacists caring for these patients has been documented, but no review of the impact of these interventions has occurred to date. The aim of this work is to assess the impact of pharmacists' interventions in patients with(More)
Medicines are a great contribution to the rising life expectancy in XX century. But a lot of drug safety problems were reported since 1960's. More recently, ineffectiveness is also being considered as a problem. Since 1975, the term 'drug-related problem' (DRP) is being used for several definition and purposes. This has led to a number of different DRP(More)
Objective To evaluate the effects of pharmacotherapy follow-up (PF) on metabolic control and clinical outcomes in type 2 diabetic patients. Setting Six community pharmacies (4 intervention and 2 control) in the Curitiba metropolitan region (Brazil). Main outcome measure Glycosylated Haemoglobin A1 (HbA1) and fasting capillary glycaemia. Methods We conducted(More)