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To maintain genome stability, DNA replication is strictly regulated to occur only once per cell cycle. In eukaryotes, the presence of 'licensing proteins' at replication origins during the G1 cell-cycle phase allows the formation of the pre-replicative complex. The removal of licensing proteins from chromatin during the S phase ensures that origins fire(More)
BACKGROUND The SCF ubiquitin-ligase complex targets the ubiquitin-mediated degradation of proteins in multiple dynamic cellular processes. A key SCF component is the Skp1 protein that functions within the complex to link the substrate-recognition subunit to a cullin that in turn binds the ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme. In contrast to yeast and humans,(More)
Amyloid-beta (Aβ) binds to various neuronal receptors and elicits a context- and dose-dependent toxic or trophic response from neurons. The molecular mechanisms for this phenomenon are presently unknown. The cochaperone BAG2 has been shown to mediate important cellular responses to stress, including cell cycle arrest and apoptosis. Here, we use SH-SY5Y(More)
The histopathological hallmarks present in Alzheimer's disease (AD) brain are plaques of Aβ peptide, neurofibrillary tangles of hyperphosphorylated tau protein, and a reduction in nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) levels. The role of nAChRs in AD is particularly controversial. Tau protein function is regulated by phosphorylation, and its(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD), the most common dementia in the elderly, is characterized by cognitive impairment and severe autonomic symptoms such as disturbance in core body temperature (Tc), which may be predictors or early events in AD onset. Inclusions of phosphorylated Tau (p-Tau) are a hallmark of AD and other neurodegenerative disorders called(More)
Inclusions of phosphorylated tau (p-tau) are a hallmark of many neurodegenerative disorders classified as “tauopathy,” of which Alzheimer’s disease is the most prevalent form. Dysregulation of tau phosphorylation disrupts neuron structure and function, and hyperphosphorylated tau aggregates to form neurotoxic inclusions. The abundance of ubiquitin in tau(More)
Alpha2-adrenoceptor and A1 adenosine receptor systems within the nucleus tractus solitarii (NTS) play an important role in cardiovascular control. Deregulation of these systems may result in an elevated sympathetic tone, one of the root causes of neurogenic hypertension. The dorsomedial/dorsolateral and subpostremal NTS subnuclei of spontaneously(More)
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