Fernando Díaz-Grez

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Pathogenic substitutions in the leucine-rich repeat kinase 2 protein (Lrrk2), R1441G and G2019S, are a prevalent cause of autosomal dominant and sporadic Parkinson's disease in the Northern Spanish population. In this study we examined the frequency of these two substitutions in 166 Parkinson's disease patients and 153 controls from Chile, a population with(More)
INTRODUCTION Sydenham's chorea is permanently on the rise in developing countries and may suddenly reappear in developed nations. PATIENTS AND METHODS We studied a prospective series of 55 cases, involving a total of 89 outbreaks with long-term follow-ups. All the cases were considered to be rheumatic from the outset, whether they were pure choreas or(More)
Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are the most common genetic cause of Parkinson's disease, with frequencies displaying a high degree of population-specificity. Although more than 100 coding substitutions have been identified, only seven have been proven to be highly penetrant pathogenic mutations. Studies however are lacking in non-white populations. Recently,(More)
Although it is generally accepted that free radicals are involved in the neurodegenerative process occurring in the dopaminergic neurons of the nigro-striatal system in Parkinson’s disease, the exact mechanism of neurodegeneration in vivo is still unknown. We propose that the degeneration of dopaminergic nigrostriatal system in this condition may depend on:(More)
To explore the possible influence of heavy metal mining on incidence of Parkinson’s disease (PD), global DNA methylation was assessed in blood samples from a population of PD patients (n = 45) and control subjects (n = 52) in Antofagasta neighborhood, a Chilean city built for exclusive use of mining companies. Comparisons were made with PD subjects (n = 52)(More)
Although it is generally accepted that free radicals are involved in the neurodegenerative process occurring in the dopaminergic neurons of the nigro-striatal system in Parkinson's disease, the exact mechanism of neurodegeneration in vivo is still unknown. We propose that the degeneration of dopaminergic nigrostriatal system in this condition may depend on:(More)
We have studied the association of a null mutation of Glutathione Transferase M1 (GST M1*0/0) with Parkinson's disease (MIM 168600) in a Chilean population with a strong Amerindian genetic component. We determined the genotype in 349 patients with idiopathic Parkinson's disease (174 female and 175 male; 66.84+/-10.7 years of age), and compared that to 611(More)
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