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BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES The mechanism of action of alpha2-adrenergic analgesia has been explored for more than one hundred years. The increased duration of the sensitive and motor blockades caused by clonidine is dose-dependent and has antinociceptive properties. The objective of this study was to evaluate whether the addition of 15 to 30 microg of(More)
This paper presents a novel control architecture for controlling a moving remote center of motion in addition to the end-effector motion during robotic surgery. In minimally invasive surgery, it is common to require that the point at which the robot enters the body, called the incision point or the trocar, does not allow for any lateral motion. It is(More)
Two different series of patients with Infectious Endocarditis (IE), hospitalized in the same ward of Curry Cabral Hospital in Lisbon, are presented and compared. The two series were separated by a ten-year period--the first included patients observed from 1970 to 1976 and the second from 1988 to 1998. In the first series (20 patients), IE occurred mainly in(More)
We designed a phase I trial to assess the feasibility of the combination of topotecan, Ara-C, cisplatin and solumedrol (TOPOSHAP) in patients with relapsed or primary refractory lymphomas. We included 9 patients with measurable non-Hodgkin's (n = 8) and Hodgkin's (n = 1) lymphomas. Level 1 consisted of topotecan 1.0 mg/m(2)/day, i.v., given on days 1-3,(More)
The increasing incidence of primary brain lymphoma appears to be real in immunologically normal people. However, lymphoma of the central nervous system has a much higher incidence in patients with immune deficient status as in renal and cardiac transplants, patients with IgA deficiency, or Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome. Thus, the increased predisposition of AIDS(More)
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