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Local tissue damage induced by crotaline snake venoms includes edema, myonecrosis, hemorrhage, and an inflammatory response associated with a prominent cellular infiltrate. The role of neutrophils in the local tissue damage induced by Bothrops asper snake venom and by myotoxin I, a phospholipase A2 isolated from this venom, was investigated. Male Swiss mice(More)
Diffuse neuronal migration disorders associated with epilepsy can now be recognized by modern neuroimaging techniques, particularly high-resolution MRI. We report 10 patients with a recently described MRI picture of continuous or generalized band heterotopia underlying the cortical mantle, giving the appearance of a "double cortex." They have epilepsy, and(More)
Fifty-three children who attended the emergency department with community-associated (CA) Staphylococcus aureus skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs) were enrolled in the study. Seven cases of infection (13.2%) were due to methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA). Twelve of 46 available isolates (26.1%) were Panton-Valentine leukocidin (PVL)-positive.(More)
The molecular basis for isoniazid resistance in Mycobacterium tuberculosis is complex. Putative isoniazid resistance mutations have been identified in katG, ahpC, inhA, kasA, and ndh. However, small sample sizes and related potential biases in sample selection have precluded the development of statistically valid and significant population genetic analyses(More)
The therapy of snakebite envenomation has been based on the parenteral administration of animal-derived antivenoms. Despite the success of this treatment at reducing the impact of snakebite mortality and morbidity, mostly due to their capacity to neutralize systemically-acting toxins, antivenoms are of relatively low efficacy in the prevention of(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the role of nitric oxide in the most relevant local and systemic manifestations in mice injected with the venom of the snake Bothrops asper. Mice were pretreated with nitric oxide synthase inhibitors, and the modifications of the pathological effects induced by the venom were tested. RESULTS Inhibition of NO synthesis did not affect(More)
The effect of several drugs on the edema-forming activity of Bothrops asper venom was studied plethysmographically using the mouse foot pad assay. Bothrops asper venom induced a dose-dependent edema which developed rapidly and peaked 1 hr after envenomation. Incubation of venom with EDTA before injection resulted in a significant reduction of edema. In(More)
The pharmacological modulation of edema-forming activity of Bothrops asper myotoxins II and III, Lys-49 and Asp-49 phospholipases A2, respectively, was studied plethysmographically in the mouse foot pad model. Myotoxin III had phospholipase A2 activity, whereas myotoxin II was devoid of enzymatic activity when tested on egg yolk phosphatidylcholine. Both(More)
The time-course and composition of inflammatory infiltrate in mouse gastrocnemius injected with Bothrops asper venom was studied. The venom induced myonecrosis, and a prominent decrease in muscle levels of creatine kinase (CK) as early as 3 hr after envenomation. Inflammatory infiltrate was scarce by 6 hr. but increased markedly at 24, 48 and 72 hr. Samples(More)
The in-vitro susceptibilities of 40 clinical isolates of Candida albicans to ketoconazole and fluconazole were determined and an attempt was made to correlate these data with the clinical responses of the patients from whom the strains were originally isolated to treatment with these agents. Of 40 patients with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)(More)