Fernando Castaño

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Twenty sunflower inbred lines were studied for their reactions to 7 Sclerotinia sclerotiorum tests on different plant parts. A principal component analysis (P.C.A.) and t-tests on the means of resistant and susceptible groups indicated that reactions of inbred lines to infection of capitula by ascospores are independent from those to ascospore infections of(More)
2-Mercaptobenzothiazole (MBT) is employed for the first time as a matrix for the analysis of lipids from tissue extracts using matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry. We demonstrate that the performance of MBT is superior to that of the matrixes commonly employed for lipids, due to its low vapor pressure, its low(More)
Resistance of sunflower leaves to attack by Sclerotinia sclerotiorum was studied by infecting them, in the field, with agar disks containing Sclerotinia mycelium. Resistance levels were determined by the length of lesions after a given period. There were significant differences in reaction between both sunflower hybrids and inbred lines. Different(More)
Sclerotinia sclerotiorum infections on sunflower capitula produce white rot, one of the most dangerous diseases sunflower bears in all humid areas. Therefore, disease quantification on developed genetic materials is a very important action in sunflower breeding. Given the horizontal type of resistance these evaluations should be made in different(More)
Propofol is a general anaesthetic that exerts its action by interaction with the GABA(A) receptor. Crystallographic studies suggest that there is a direct interaction between propofol and the phenolic residue of a tyrosine in the channel. In this study we create propofol···phenol clusters by their co-expansion in jets. The complex is probed using a set of(More)
Cooperativity between weak hydrogen bonds can be revealed in molecular clusters isolated in the gas phase. Here we examine the structure, internal dynamics, and origin of the weak intermolecular forces between sevoflurane and a benzene molecule, using multi-isotopic broadband rotational spectra. This heterodimer is held together by a primary C-H⋅⋅⋅π(More)
—This paper describes an improved design procedure for the weighting matrices of the mixed sensitivity problem. Using low-order models, as usual in industrial processes, and based on recent works, the new design will allow to significantly reduce the time response overshoots, without degrading the speed of these responses. Weighting matrices are designed in(More)
The evolution of the isolated pyrrole molecule has been followed after excitation in the 265-217 nm range by using femtosecond time delayed ionization. The transients collected in the whole excitation range show the vanishing of the ionization signal in the femtosecond time scale, caused by the relaxation along a πσ(∗) type state (3s a(1)←π 1a(2)), which is(More)
Fructose has been examined under isolation conditions using a combination of UV ultrafast laser vaporization and Fourier-transform microwave (FT-MW) spectroscopy. The rotational spectra for the parent, all (six) monosubstituted (13)C species, and two single D species reveal unambiguously that the free hexoketose is conformationally locked in a single(More)
The ultrafast dynamics of the imidazole chromophore has been tracked after electronic excitation in the 250-217 nm energy region, by time delayed ionization with 800 nm laser pulses. The time-dependent signals collected at the imidazole(+) mass channel show the signature of femtosecond dynamics, originating on the πσ*- and ππ*-type states located in the(More)