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Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is an important health problem that still generates great controversy. A consensus conference attended by 12 researchers from Europe and Latin America was held to discuss strategies for the diagnosis and treatment of VAP. Commonly asked questions concerning VAP management were selected for discussion by the(More)
INTRODUCTION Our aims were to assess risk factors, clinical features, management and outcomes in critically ill patients in whom Aspergillus spp. were isolated from respiratory secretions, using a database from a study designed to assess fungal infections. METHODS A multicentre prospective study was conducted over a 9-month period in 73 intensive care(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate whether one antibiotic achieves equal outcomes compared with combination antibiotic therapy in patients with Pseudomonas aeruginosa ventilator-associated pneumonia. DESIGN A retrospective, multicenter, observational, cohort study. SETTING Five intensive care units in Spanish university hospitals. PATIENTS Adult patients(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess whether combination antibiotic therapy improves outcome of severe community-acquired pneumonia in the subset of patients with shock. DESIGN Secondary analysis of a prospective observational, cohort study. SETTING Thirty-three intensive care units (ICUs) in Spain. PATIENTS Patients were 529 adults with community-acquired pneumonia(More)
The diagnosis of influenza A/H1N1 is mainly clinical, particularly during peak or seasonal flu outbreaks. A diagnostic test should be performed in all patients with fever and flu symptoms that require hospitalization. The respiratory sample (nasal or pharyngeal exudate or deeper sample in intubated patients) should be obtained as soon as possible, with the(More)
INTRODUCTION Despite the availability of new antibiotics such as daptomycin, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) bacteraemia continues to be associated with high clinical failure rates. Combination therapy has been proposed as an alternative to improve outcomes but there is a lack of clinical studies. The study aims to demonstrate that(More)
Hospital-acquired infections are a leading cause of morbidity and mortality, especially in the intensive care unit (ICU). Surveillance of device-associated infections plays a major role in infection control programs. In 2006, the Surveillance Program of Nosocomial Infections in Catalonia (VINCat Program) was started, with the major aim of reducing infection(More)
Patients admitted to intensive care units (ICU) are at higher risk of acquiring nosocomial infections than patients in other hospital areas. This is the consequence of both a greater severity of illness with its implications (manipulation, invasiveness) and crossed infection from reservoirs inside the ICU. The most frequent nosocomial infection is invasive(More)
INTRODUCTION Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus pseudintermedius are highly important due to their capacity for producing diseases in humans and animals, respectively. The aim of the study was to investigate and characterize the coagulase positive Staphylococcus (CoPS) carriage in a Primary Healthcare Center population. METHODS Nasal swabs were(More)